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CNA Medical Terminology

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abdomen
area between chest and pelvis
abduction
moving arm or leg away from the body
AROM
resident can do their own range of motion exercises
adduction
moving arm or leg to the center of the body
advanced directive
living will- states wish for resuscitation, etc.
angina
chest pain because heart is deprived of oxygen
antibody
substance produced by blood that fights disease
antiseptic
cleaning that prevents growth of bacteria
aorta
large blood vessel carryin blood and oxygen away from heart
aphasia
unable to speak or understand speech
apical pulse
obtaining a pulse by listening through a stethoscope placed over the heart
arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis
deposists in blood vessels that narrow the blood vessels causing decrease in oxygen to the cells. it is a contributing cause of heart disease.
artery
blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
asepsis
to be free of disease causing microorganisms
aspirate
inhaling food or fluid into lungs
axillary
underarm area
cataract
clouding of the lens of the eye
clean catch urine specimen
obtaining urine sample during middle of urinary stream
clinitest
measurement of glucose in urine
contracture
muscle that becomes shortened due to lack of use
cueing
to remind, prompt or talk somone through an activity
cyanosis
blue or gray color that appears on nail bed, or lips due to lack of oxygen in the blood
dangling position
resident sits with their legs over the side of the bed
dementia
impaired mental and intellectual function
diastolic blood pressure
the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart relaxes between contractions. Bottom number.
draw sheet
small sheet placed across the middle of the bed, over the bottom sheet.
dyspnea
difficult breathing
edema
fluid retention resulting in swelling
embolus
a blood clot that travels from one point and lodges in another blood vessel causing a blockage
emesis basin
small kidney shapen basin into which resident will vomit or spit
epiglottis
trap door that leads to lungs that prevents food from entering airway
esophagus
tube for passage of food, from throat into stomach
flatus
gas expelled from digestive tract
flow sheet
a form used to document resident information, such as recording ADL's or vital signs.
Foley Catheter
Catheter inserted into the bladder to drain urine
foot drop
contracture of the heel cord resulting in shortening of the muscles in the calf of the leg
force fluids
encouraging resident to take in extra fluids as ordered by the physician
Fowler's position
Sitting up in bed position with head of the bed rolled up 45 degrees
fracture pan
bedpan with a lower flat end helpful to residents who cannot move easily
gangrene
death of tissue due to poor circulation
graduate
graduated cylinder
hand roll
roll placed in the hand to prevent hand contraction
health care directives
decisions regarding end of life issues in even they are not able to make them
hemiparesis
loss of sensation on one side of the body
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
hemorrage
excessive blood loss
hemorrhoid
enlarged vein in rectum that causes pain and bleeding
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
homeostasis
balance of all body functions within normal limits
impaction
very hard stool that does not move
indwelling catheter
a tube that is put into the bladder to drain urine
intake and output (I&O)
amount of fluid taken in and put out
inspiration
drawing in air
integument
skin
logroll
turning resident to one side keeping head and back in a straight line
meatus
opening from exterior of body into urinary tract
medical asepsis
techniques and procedures to decrease the spread of pathogens
metastasis
spread of cancer throughout the body
nephron
basic filtering unit of kidney
peristalsis
churning like motion that pushes food through the digestive tract
sputum
mucus brought up from the lungs
thrombus
blood clot
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
decreased blood flow to the brain for a short time
ureters
tubes that lead from the kidneys to the bladder
validation therapy
therapy of accepting thoughts and encouraging communication
ventilate
breathing into airway of person who is not breathing
veins
blood vessels back to heart
vomitus
emesis, substance brought up from stomach
wound drainage
fluid that comes from open area of skin