Final Round 2019 Civics Bowl
Terms in this set (70)
Name the French baron and Enlightenment philosopher who famously called for a separation of governmental powers into three branches.
life, liberty, and property
John Locke believed that the government should protect the people's natural rights, which included __________.
English Bill of Rights
The right to bear arms, freedom of speech, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment were all rights guaranteed to English subjects in what 1689 document?
Name the principle that the government has to provide a cause or reason for holding a person in jail (civics360.org).
King George III
The King of Great Britain at the time of the American Revolution was King __________.
Passed by Parliament in 1765, this law required colonists to pay a tax on all official documents, newspapers, pamphlets and even playing cards.
The killing of five people by British soldiers in 1770 is known as the
Second Continental Congress
Name the group consisting of representatives from each of the thirteen colonies that voted to declare independence from Great Britain on July 2nd, 1776.
The list of grievances
What is the longest section of the Declaration of Independence?
To secure the people's natural rights (unalienable rights)
According to the Declaration, what is the main purpose of government?
In what city was the Second Continental Congress meeting on July of 1776 when they voted to declare independence?
Articles of Confederation
The first U.S. constitution was the __________.
The Articles of Confederation set up what type of legislature?
Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required what kind of consent from the 13 state legislatures.
In what year did the Articles of Confederation go into effect?
What two word phrase is the idea that the power to govern ultimately comes from the people being governed?
Name the form of government in which sovereign power is divided between the national government and the state or provincial governments.
separation of powers
The Constitution created three branches of government so that there was a what?
The first part of the Constitution is called the what?
A what is a detailed, written plan for government?
What group met in Philadelphia in May of 1787. They were supposed to revise the Articles of Confederation, but decided to start fresh?
Which plan would have based each state's representation in Congress on population?
New Jersey Plan
Which plan called for each state to have the same number of representatives in Congress?
The conflict in the Constitutional Convention over how to count slaves was settled by the
Which part of the Constitution explains the relationship between the states and the national government and between the individual states?
In which article does the Constitution declare that the Constitution "shall be the supreme Law of the Land"?
What is the minimum age a person must be by inauguration day to be eligible to run for the United States Senate?
Name the first POTUS to be elected by the House of Representatives due to not winning a majority of the Electoral College.
What proportion of the Senate must vote to ratify treaties negotiated by the President for them to take effect?
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Name the three men who wrote the Federalist Papers in support of the ratification of the Constitution.
What procedure in the US Senate requires that a cloture resolution must be passed to limit debate before voting on a bill? Cloture resolutions require 60 votes to pass.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by what vote of both Houses of Congress.
A person sent as the chief representative of his or her own government to another country is usually called a what?
When the Supreme Court agrees to hear a case, it issues a writ of what? That means that it is taking a case that is being appealed from a lower court.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Name the Supreme Court decision (1896) that upheld racial segregation laws based on the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Necessary and proper clause
What clause in the Constitution gives the power to Congress to make laws that they need to carry out their enumerated powers.
Florida's government is separated into how many branches?
How many counties does Florida have?
Name the head of the executive branch of Florida's government.
How many senators normally serve in the Florida Senate?
What is the minimum age to be a member of the Florida Legislature?
A court decision in an earlier case with facts and legal issues similar to those in a case currently before a court. is called a
The Uniform Code of Military Justice forms the basis of what kind of law?
A request, made after a trial, asking a higher court to decide whether that trial was conducted properly is called a what?
Florida Supreme Court
Name the highest state court in this state.
The person who brings legal action against another person in a civil trial (in other words, the person who sues someone) is called the what?
Which amendment to the Constitution provides protections and rights to a person accused of a crime, including the right to a speedy trial with an impartial jury and a right to an attorney?
Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides freedom from excessive bail or fines and freedom from cruel or unusual punishment for a person accused of a crime.
Which amendment grants citizenship to almost all people born in the United States?
In 1924, all what became citizens when Congress passed the Indian Citizenship Act?
How long must an immigrant have lived in the US to apply for citizenship if they are not married to a citizen?
Naturalized citizens can be what if officials find out that they lied on their application for citizenship. In other words, they can lose their citizenship?
This term means the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried; prohibited in the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Name the two word term for the right of the government to take private property for public use; the Fifth Amendment requires that people be paid fairly (compensated) for their property if it is taken by the government.
Name the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Name that Amendment! Protection from unreasonable search and seizure...
Name that Amendment! The right to bear arms...
Name that Amendment! The right to confront witnesses in court...
Participating in activities in order to influence government officials is called
A person running for political office is called a
What is the two word term for a written statement of the goals of a political party?
Name the system of government in which power is held by an elected legislature. The majority party (or coalition) controls the executive branch headed by a prime minister or equivalent.
Name the system of government where the national government controls all functions of government. Local governments are controlled by the national government.
A union between nations for assistance and protection is called a (an) what?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO is an acronym for the __________.
What name was given to the group of 28 countries that agreed to protect each other in case of attack, especially from the Soviet Union and its allies; it was founded in 1949.
Name the federal department that is most in charge of our nation's foreign policy (relationships with other nations).
North American Free Trade Agreement
NAFTA is an acronym for __________.
A tax on an imported item is called a
World Trade Organization
What organization was created to promote trade and economic growth by lowering taxes and
removing limits on some types of trade?
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