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Final Exam Texas History (pt 1)
Terms in this set (28)
Why did Texas win the Texas Revolution?
Sam's Houston Military strategy, Battle of San Jacinto, and the capture of Santa Anna
Why was defending the Alamo important to Texans at the time?
Was an important passage way into Texas and was the last thing Texas could fight for
Though Texans experienced major defeats at the Alamo and Goliad, why are these considered turning points in the Texas Revolution?
Gave them a better reason to fight for
Why was the Treaty of Velasco significant for Texas?
Declared their independence
At the end of the Texas Revolution, why was it surprising that the Rio Grande was chosen as the boundary between Texas and Mexico?
The border Texas wanted was never the border before
Why were Treaties of Velasco disputed by Mexico?
The did believe Santa Anna was their leader and didn't have the authority to sign the treaty
What impact did the failure of the Treaties of Velasco have on the Texas Republic?
Mexico still thought Texas was theirs
How did Houston and Lamar differ in their views about annexation, economic spending, military and American Indians?
Houston: wanted to annex, wanted to save money, dismisses military and makes Texas Rangers, wanted to make peace with Indians.
Lamar: wanted to be independent, believed more money spent would get Texas more money, wanted a big military, kill off all Indians.
Why did it take almost 10 years for America to annex Texas?
Didn't want to have a fight with Mexico. The U.S was worried about having an uneven amout of slave states.
List the problems faced by the Texas Republic.
Making their own government and establishing laws. The issue of slavery.
How did the election of President Polk influence Texas annexation?
Since he was elected people changed their minds and wanted Texas to be annexed.
What is manifest destiny and how did it influence westward expansion?
The U.S thought it was their god given right to expand itself to the Pacific
How did Texas play a role in America's manifest destiny?
After the Louisiana Purchase Texas was the next step to spread to the Pacific
What unresolved past events led to the boundary dispute between Mexico and the United States?
Texas' annexation and the border dispute between Texas and Mexico
What were the causes of the Mexican-American War?
1. Mexico did not recognize the annexation of Texas by the U.S.
2. Mexico refused to negotiate with American diplomats
3. Mexico and the U.S. had boundary and border disputes
If you were asked to assign responsibility for the Mexican War to one person for one reason, who would the person be and what would the reason be?
President Polk telling Zachary to take his troops to what they believed was the border but Mexico thought differently
According to the Texas Secession Document, why did Texas secede from the Union?
Texas was heavily impacted by slavery and didn't want to lose slavery
Explain the impact slavery had on America in the mid-1800s in the following areas (be sure to give specific economic, political, and social examples):
Economic, U.S produced tons of cotton and was able to make tons of money off of exporting cotton. Political, compromises were made to stop the conflicts. Social, people got upset when the book Uncle Tom's Cabin was made and people were killed over the issue of slavery.
The Confederacy won almost all the battles they fought in Texas during the Civil War. Why didn't this have a bigger impact on the outcome of the war?
Those wars weren't worth anything compared to bigger one's worths like forts and trading ports.
Both sides expected that the Union would win the war quickly. Why did the war last four years?
-Souths motivation to win
-lack of leadership of Union side
-Southern defensive strategy
How did technology help the Union win the war?
Difference between Presidential and Congressional stance on Reconstruction?
-pardon all confederates
-Punish the South
-destroy social order
-give civil rights to freedman
-keep former confederates out of politics
What did "total war" against the natives look like and what was the ultimate effect of it?
-U.S. government's search and destroy mission to completely remove natives from the plains
-slaughter the Buffalo and remove the food source
-Effect: Natives were moved to reservations
Explain how African Americans were denied full voting rights until the 1960s, despite the passage of the 15th amendment.
-poll tax (people were now taxed to vote and African Americans didn't have any money
-Grandfather clause ( if your grandfather didn't vote you couldn't)
- violence (KKK)
How did Plessy vs. Ferguson allow for legal segregation in America? What was the outcome of this?
Whites and blacks could be segregated as long as it was equal
What was the outcome of the U.S. victory in the native wars?
-lost culture and land
-moved natives onto reservations
-the west was opened up for settlement
-settlers felt safe
-U.S. defeated the indians
-marked the end of the Indian war in TX.
Which economic activities from the past 100 years have had the greatest impact on Texas? Briefly explain their impact.
Railroads -helped import and export goods
Oil- Texas is a top producer of oil and made tons of money off of it
Explain the concept of boom & bust in economics
A boom is when an industry is getting lots of buyers and making tons of money
A bust is when an industry losing money and buyers and is starting to go out of business
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