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Terms in this set (41)
Beam that supports the roof (in a house)
The vertical framing member in frame wall construction.
Member of a roof structural frame that supports the sheathing and other roof loads.
Wood or other material used to partition concealed spaces within combustible framing; intended to restrict the spread of fire within such spaces.
Construction technique in which each floor of a building provides support for the floor above it.
A covering placed over exterior studs or rafters that serve as a base below the exterior finish materials.
The structural floor joined to the joists that support the finish flooring.
sole plate, bottom plate
the horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building
A horizontal structural member located on top of the studs used to hold the wall together.
A heavy horizontal board, set on edge at the apex of the roof, to which the rafters are attached.
a framing member crossing and supporting the ends of joists, studs, or rafters so as to transfer their weight to parallel joists, studs, or rafters
A wood member in a floor or roof used to support a header
Sill (window sill)
The horizontal bottom portion of a window or door; the exterior surface, usually slopes to shed water below the bottom of a window or door.
The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and excavation lines
diagram showing the arrangement and sizes of the structural members in a floor or roof
Type of drawing that provides detail at a section, prepared for major connections in the building system
architectural floor plan
Drawings that indicate the location and dimensions of walls, partitions, and openings
drawings that show the finished exterior appearance of the outside of a house
vertical cut through house, used to show construction components of building
structural framing, sheathing, blocking, and misc pieces of wood needed to complete the project
continuous horizontal or diagonal bracing between open-web joists used to align joists and prevent buckling
A stud above a door opening or below a windowsill
let-in diagonal bracing
diagonal bracing that is nailed into notches cut in the face of the studs so as not to increase the thickness of the wall
A timber used to support the ceiling of a structure; usually made of lumber
The slope of a roof or other plane
Expressed as inches of rise per foot of run
A difference in elevation such as the rise of stairs from one floor to the next
Horizontal dimension in a stair or sloping roof
a metal tool used to lay out right angles
the diagonal intersection of planes in a hip roof
A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
A roof consisting of four sloping planes that intersect to form a pyramidal or elongated pyramid shape
a rafter that slopes up from an inside corner wall and lies at the concave intersection of roof planes
a wood rafter cut to size and shape and then used to trace cuts onto additional wood members so as to assure consistent dimensions among all rafters
a structure protruding through the plane of a sloping roof, usually containing a window and having its own smaller roof
a roof rafter that runs parallel to the main slope of the roof
a piece of wood nailed across two opposing rafters near the ridge to resist wind uplift
Valley jack rafter
A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.
Hip Jack Rafter
A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.
an angled notch cut into a rafter to allow the rafter to seat securely on the top plate of a wall
The exposed vertical face of an eave
An assembly of structural members joined to form a rigid framework, usually connected to form triangles.
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