06 - Americas before 1517 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (15)
an ordered series or arrangement; an impressive display or range of a particular type of thing.
extended family or kin groups, but including non-related members, giving individual families more variation and security of the land that they farmed. Each of these Inca social structures owned a parcel of land, and the members had reciprocal obligations to each other.
the basic unit of Aztec government. Based around a particular territory or neighborhood, it was responsible for collecting taxes, educating citizens, and maintaining a local temple.
the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom.
a symbolic figure or a character (as in the Mayan system of writing) usually incised or carved in relief: a symbol (such as a curved arrow on a road sign) that conveys information nonverbally.
having originated in and being produced, growing, living, or occurring naturally in a particular region or environment
a sign or character representing a word or phrase, such as those used in shorthand and some writing systems.
a work requirement for all individuals in Andean civilizations. Each person had to work a certain number of days per year for the state.
A position or activity that particularly suits somebody's talents and personality or that somebody can make his or her own; The function or position of a species within an ecological community. The species' physical environment to which it has become adapted as well as its role as producer and consumer of food resources.
a hard, dark, glasslike volcanic rock formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallization; often used in blade-making by Stone Age peoples
a North American Indian settlement of the southwestern US, especially one consisting of multi-storied adobe houses.
a set of knotted strings used to record data
the process where soil or rock is moved along a hillside or mountain in a manner that slows down rainfall, allowing it to be used for growing crops. These "dams" are built along the contour of the hill or mountain and serve to slow erosion.
a natural object or animal that is believed by a particular society to have spiritual significance and that is adopted by it as an emblem
the art or practice of using systematic lines, usually on maps or charts of natural and man-made features of a place or region, especially in a way to show their relative positions and elevations
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