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23 terms

Chapter One of Understanding Psychology

STUDY
PLAY
Physiological
having to do with an organism's physical processes
Cognitive
having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
Hypothesis
an assumption about behavior that is tested through scientific research
Theory
a set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study
Basic science
the pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake
Applied science
discovering ways to use scientific findings to accomplish practical goals.
Scientific method
a general approach to gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized
Structuralist
a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences
Introspection
a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings
Functionalist
a psychologist who studied the function (rather than the structure) of consciousness
Psychoanalyst
a psychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior
Behaviorist
a psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment
Humanist
a psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth
Cognitivist
a psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how cognitive processes influence our behavior
Psychobiologist
a psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior
Psychologist
A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals
Clinical psychologist
a psychologist who diagnoses and treats people with emotional disturbances
Counseling psychologist
assists people and groups to deal effectively with all kinds of personal and relationship issues that impact on their mental health and wellbeing, a psychologist who usually helps people deal with problems of living
Psychiatry
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
Developmental psychologist
a psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, and social changes that occur as an individual matures
Educational psychologist
a psychologist who is concerned with helping students learn
Community psychologist
a psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency
Industrial/Organizational psychologist
a psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for employees and managers

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