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The body's repsonse to danger is triggered by the release of ________ by the _______ glands.

epinephrine and norepinephrine; adrenal

In cultures that emphasize social interdependence:

negative emotions are rarely displayed.

Which of the following is correct regarding the relationship between arousal and performane?

On easy tasks, performance is optimal when arousal is high.

Two years ago Maria was in an automobile accident in which her spinal cord was severed, leaving her paralyzed from her neck down. Today, Maria finds that she experiences emotions less intensely than she did before her accident. This tends to support which theory?

James-Lange theory

Which theory of emotion emphasizes the simultaneous experience of body response and emotional feeling?

Cannon-Bard theory

Concerning the catharsis hypothesis, which of the following is true?

Expressing anger can be temporarily calming if it does not leave one feeling guilty or anxious.

Which of the following is true?

People who are socially outgoing or who exercise regularly tend to be happier.

In an emergency situation, emotional arousal will result in:

All of the above: Increased rate of respiration, increased blood sugar, a slowing of digestion, & pupil dilation

When the scientist electrically stimulated one area of a monkey's brain, the monkey became enraged. When another electrode was activated, the monkey cowered in fear. The electrodes were most likely implanted in the:

Limbic system.

Izard believes that there are ____ basic emotions.


Most human fears are:


People who are exuberant and persistently cheerful show increased activity in the brain's __________, which is rich in receptors for the neurotransmitter _____________.

Left frontal lobe; dopamine.

As a part of her job interview, Jan is asked to take a lie-detector test. Jan politely refuses and points out that:

All of the above: A guilty person can be found innocent by the polygraph, an innocent person can be found guilty, a liar can learn to fool a lie-detector test, these tests err one-third of the time.

Emotions are:

All of the above: physiological reactions, behavioral expressions, conscious feelings.

After Brenda scolded her brother for forgetting to pick her up from school, the physical arousal that had accompanied her anger diminished. Which division of her nervous system mediated her physical relaxation?

Parasympathetic division.

Which theory of emotion implies that every emotion is associated with a unique physiological reaction?

James-Lange theory.

When Professor Simon acquired a spacious new office, he was overjoyed. Six months later, however, he was taking the office for granted. His behavior illustrates the:

Adaptation-level phenomenon.

Several studies have shown that physical arousal can intensify just about any emotion. For example, when people who have been physically aroused by exercise are insulted, they often misattribute their arousal to the insult. This finding illustrates the importance of:

Cognitive labels of arousal in the conscious experience of emotions.

Which division of the nervous system is especially involved in bringing about emotional arousal?

Sympathetic nervous system.

Which of these factors have researchers not found to correlate with happiness?


After hitting a grand-slam home run, Mike noticed that his heart was pounding. Later that evening, after nearly having a collision while driving on the freeway, MIke again noticed that his heart was pounding. That he interpreted his reaction as fear, rather than ecstasy, can best be explained by the:

Two-factor theory.

Cindy was happy with her promotion until she found out that Janice, who has the same amount of experience, receives a higher salary. Cindy's feelings are best explained according to the:

Principle of relative deprivation.

The polygraph measures:

Physiological indexes of arousal.

Evidence that changes in facial expression can directly affect people's feelings and body states has convinced Robert Zajonc that:

Cognition is not necessary for emotion.

Which of the following is true?

Facial expressions are universal; gestures, culture-specific.

Concerning emotions and their accompanying body responses, which of the following appears to be true?

Many emotions involve similar body responses but have different underlying brain circuits.

Schachter's two-factor theory emphasizes that emotions involve both:

Physical arousal and a cognitive label.

Averill found that most people become angry :

Several times a week.

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