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19 terms

Chapter 14 Stress and Health

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behavioral medicine
interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
health psychology
subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
stress
process by which we percieve and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
hans selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages alarm, resistance and exhaustion (ARE)
coronary heart disease
clogging of the vessels that nourish heart muscle; leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type a
Friedman and rosenman's term for competitive, hard driving, impatient, verbally aggressive and anger prone people
type b
friedman and rosenman's term for easy going, relaxed people
psychological illness
literally "mind body" illness; any stress related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches
hypochondriasis
misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
lymphocytes
two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system
B lymphocytes
form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections
T lymphocytes
form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses and foreign substances
macrophage
"big eater" identifies, pursues and ingests harmful invaders
coping
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive or behavioral methods
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
problem focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the sressor or the way we interact with that stressor
emotion focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
biofeedback
system for electronically recording, amplifying and feeding back info regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension