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What was the philosophy behind Woodrow Wilsons 14 points
Self determination & The Creation of the League of Nations
What was the Mandate System
A legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I
Which country was France given responsibility for under the mandate system
Syria (and later Lebanon)
Why did American population want the US to become isolated
Did not want dead soldiers and afraid of cost of wars in the future
How did the US encourage isolationism
Fordney McCumber Tariff
Reduce in immigration
What was the Fordney McCumber Tariff
Tax placed on foreign goods making American goods more expensive
Why did the US become isolated economically
Foreign governments retaliated to Fordney McCumber Tariff by taxing goods
What was the Ruhr Crisis a response to
The failure of the Weimar Republic under Chancellor Cuno to pay reparations in the aftermath of WW1
Why did the french fail during the invasion of Ruhr
Poor economic state, could no longer fund operation
What was the German governments resolution to the Ruhr crisis
Printed more money, causing hyper inflation
What was the Locarno Spring
A treaty agreed and signed in October 1925 permitting Germany to become part of the League of Nations
What did the great depression lead to
Agression and collapse of international cooerperation
Brought Hitler to power
Mussolini engaged in agression in Africa
How was the Weiwar weakened by the depression
Unpopular economic policies
Rise if extremists
Collapse of government - social dems withdrew coalation
Why did the Japanese want Manchura
Japan was becoming over populated and Manchuria offered 200,000sq kms of space
Believed it was rich in minerals and land
How did Japan respond to the League after Manchuria crisis
Left the league and occupied Jehol, League could not enforce authority
Why did Mussolini want to build up a large empire in North Africa
Distract his people from impact of depression
What was the aim of taking control of Abyssinia
Provide land for Italian settlers
Connect Erithea with Italian Somaliland - horn of Africa under Italian control
What happened in the treaty of St. Germain
Czecheslovakia set up
Slovenia, Bosnia, Dalmatia go to Yugoslavia. Galicia given to Poland and Austria not allowed to integrate with Germany.
What happened in the treaty of Triannon
Hungary loses 2/3 of it's pre-war land to Austria, Czechoslovakia and Romania
What happened in the treaty of Sevres
Turks cede middle eastern empire; Greece gets Thrace, Straits controlled by the Allies. This was revised at Lausanne - Greeks expelled and Constantinople given back to Turkey.
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