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U.S. Constitution Quiz
Terms in this set (29)
Article 1: Legislative Branch
The principal mission of the legislative body is to make laws. It is split into two different chambers - the House of Representatives and the Senate. Congress is a legislative body that holds the power to draft and pass legislation, borrow money for the nation, declare war and raise a military. It also has the power to check and balance the other two federal branches.
Article II: Executive Branch
This branch of the government manages the day-to-day operations of government through various federal departments and agencies, such as the Department of Treasury. At the head of this branch is the nationally elected President of the United States.
The president swears an oath to 'faithfully execute' the responsibilities as president and to 'preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States'. Its powers include making treaties with other nations, appointing federal judges, department heads and Ambassadors, and determining how to best run the country and run military operations.
Article III - The Judicial Branch
Outlines the powers of the federal court system. Determines that the court of last resort is the US Supreme Court and that the US Congress has the power to determine the size and scope of those courts below it. All judges are appointed for life unless they resign due to bad behavior. Those facing charges are to be tried and judged by a jury of their peers.
Article IV - The States
This article defines the relationship between the states and the federal government. The federal government guarantees a republican form of government in each state, protects the nation and the people from foreign or domestic violence, and determines how new states can join the Union. It also suggests that all the states are equal to each other and should respect each other's laws and the judicial decisions made by other state court systems.
Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition
Right to Bear Arms
Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures
Right to be free from un-reasonable searches and seizures.
Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law.
Right to be informed of charges be present when witnesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer.
Right to a speedy an public trial.
trial by jury in civil cases
No cruel and unusual punishment
People get rights not listed in Constitution.
Any rights not given to federal government are given to the states and people.
If you are born or naturalized in the U.S. then you are a citizen of the U.S.
You cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed.
Established the direct election of senators (instead of being chosen by state legislatures)
Women's right to vote
Abolition of poll taxes
18 year olds get to vote.
The Commerce Clause
The clause in the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 1) that gives Congress the power to regulate all business activities that cross state lines or affect more than one state or other nations.
The Elastic Clause
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
The Full Faith and Credit Clause
Section of Article IV of the Constitution that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
The Necessary and Proper Clause
Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) setting forth the implied powers of Congress. It states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national government
The Establishment Clause
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
The Free Exercise Clause
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
The Due Process Clause
14th amendment clause stating that no state may deprive a person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
The Equal Protection Clause
14th amendment clause that prohibits states from denying equal protection under the law, and has been used to combat discrimination