Psychology Unit 5: Personality
Personality, Id, Ego, Superego, Freud
What is personality?
The consistent, enduring, and unique characteristics of a person
What is Freud's theory of the Id?
unorganized self, basic instincts and drives, consistently seeking pleasure, highly emotional
What is Freud's theory of the Ego?
reality check, seeks to please the Id in realistic ways
What is Freud's theory of the Superego?
conscience, works in contrast to the Id, "fatherly figure" to the emotional Id
What is Alder's Inferiority Complex?
a pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than trying to overcome their source
What is the concept of reliability in Personality Testing?
ability of a test to give the same results under similar conditions
What is the concept of validity in personality testing?
ability of a test to measure what it is intended to measure
What is the concept of standardization in personality testing?
Administered and scored the same; Establishes norms from the raw data
What is intelligence?
ability to acquire new ideas and new behavior to adapt to new situations
What are Howard Gardner's 7 intelligences?
verbal, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, body-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal
Define emotional intelligence:
Interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities needed to understand and use knowledge of emotions effectively
On a standard IQ test, what is an average score?
What are defense mechanisms?
certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant impulses or circumstances
What is the defense mechanism of rationalization?
Explaining a behavior that makes one feel anxious to protect self-esteem
What is the defense mechanism of repression?
Pushing painful or unacceptable thoughts into the unconscious
What is the defense mechanism of displacement?
Anger cannot be taken out on the source of the frustration, so it is placed on a less powerful person
What is the defense mechanism of reaction formation?
Replacing an unacceptable feeling with an opposite one
What is the defense mechanism of regression?
Going back to an earlier, less mature pattern of behavior
What is the defense mechanism of sublimation?
Redirecting a forbidden desire into a socially acceptable desire
What is the defense mechanism of denial?
Refusing to accept the reality of something that makes you anxious
What is the defense mechanism of projection?
Believing that impulses are coming from other people
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