16 terms

Psychology Unit 5: Disorder

Abnormal Psychology, Disorder

Terms in this set (...)

Define psychological abnormality:
an inability to adjust; Deviation from the majority or the "norm"
Define psychological normality:
is an ability to function in the world typically
What does the DSM stand for?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
What is the latest edition of the DSM?
V (or 5)
How does the DSM define Anxiety Disorders?
General state of dread or uneasiness that a person feels in response to a real or imagined danger; Anxiety is out of proportion from the situation provoking the anxiety
How does the DSM define Developmental Disorders?
also referred to as childhood disorders, are those that are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood or adolescence.
How does the DSM define Dissociative Disorders?
psychological disorders that involve a dissociation or interruption in aspects of consciousness, including identity and memory.
How does the DSM define Eating Disorders?
characterized by obsessive concerns with weight and disruptive eating patterns that negatively impact physical and mental health.
How does the DSM define Facticious Disorders?
an individual acts as if he or she has an illness, often be deliberately faking or exaggerating symptoms or even self-inflicting damage to the body.
How does the DSM define Impulse-Control Disorders?
an inability to control impulses, resulting in harm to oneself or others.
How does the DSM define Mood Disorders?
mental disorders that are all characterized by changes in mood.
How does the DSM define Personality Disorders?
maladaptive pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can cause serious detriments to relationships and other life areas.
How does the DSM define Psychotic Disorders?
major symptom of these disorders is psychosis, or delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs that significantly hinder a person's ability to function. They can be visual (seeing things that aren't there), auditory (hearing), olfactory (smelling), tactile (feeling sensations on your skin that aren't really there, such as the feeling of bugs crawling on you), or taste.
How does the DSM define Sleep Disorders?
an interruption in sleep patterns. These disorders can have a negative impact on both physical and mental health.
How does the DSM define Somatoform Disorders?
Disorders in this category include those where the symptoms suggest a medical condition but where no medical condition can be found by a physician.
How does the DSM define Sexual Disorders?
maladaptive sexual behaviors, expressions and thoughts. These disorders can result in criminalized behaviors.