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Terms in this set (69)
An exchange of goods, ideas and skills from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
the trading system between the Americas, England and Africa; Africa would give slaves and rum to the Americas, including the West Indies; America would offer timber, tobacco, fish, and flour; England would mainly process and ship back
European trade agreement with Africa dealing with slaves brought from Africa. Integral part of Triangle Trade between the Americas, Africa, and Europe.
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same place at the same time are affected
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit
Hispanic Caste System
a hierarchical system of race classification created by Spanish elites in Hispanic America during the eighteenth century.
A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on human reasoning, natural science, political and ethical philosophy.
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.
A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
The revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799.
3 estates or 3 classes are French society, Philip IV aka Philip the Fair, visited the 3 estates. the first estate was the clergy, or people who had been ordained as priests. The second estate was nobles and the third estate was townspeople or peasants
Standard of Living
Quality of life based on ownership of necessities and luxuries that make life easier.
Adopting the traits of another culture. Often happens over time when one immigrates into a new country.
World War One Causes
Causes: nationalism, militarism, imperialism, alliance
Outcomes of WWI
Germany paid war debt, lost territory and took blame, want for independence, casualties and destruction end of empires
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Treaty of Versailles
1919 treaty that officially ended World War I; the immense penalties it placed on Germany are regarded as one of the causes of World War II
League of Nations
A (failed) world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
A long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
Certificates sold by the United States government to pay for the war.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
Causes of World War Two
Rise of Dictators
Treaty of Versailles
Outcomes of WW2
European powers' loss of empires, establishment of 2 major powers in the world, war crime trials, division of Germany, United Nations, Marshall plan
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
"Lightning war"; Germany's military strategy including strikes by Luftwaffe followed by invasion of fast tanks and infantry in order to quickly destroy another nation.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
Deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group
Belief that one race is superior to another
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
Japanese suicide pilots
A period of general fear of communists
A situation in which unlimited wants exceed the limited resources available to fulfill those wants
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A theory or system developed by Karl Marx of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
(1966-1976) Political policy in started in China by Mao Zedong to eliminate his rivals and train a new generation in the revolutionary spirit that created communist China. The Cultural Revolution resulted in beatings, terror, mass jailing, and the deaths of thousands.
1893-1976. Chinese military and political leader who led the Communist Party of China to victory against the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War. Leader of the People's Republic of China from establishment in 1949 till death in 1976. Heralded as an influential leader who transformed China into world power. Programs led to large unnecessary loss of life and damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations.
secret police who enforced communism in china
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
(1950-53) A conflict between UN forces (primarily US and S Korea) against North Korea, and later China; Gen. Douglas MacArthur led UN forces and was later replaced by Gen. Ridgeway; Resulted in Korea remaining divided at the 38th parallel.
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum(oil).
The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.
Israel was for the Jews after WW2 so the UN took Palestine land and they keep fighting about it
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
Some school children criticized the Syrian government and the gov. responded by torturing the kids. this ultimately led to the protester to call for the president to resign
Persian Golf War
Multinational force into battle in order to convince Iraq to free Kuwait
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22 1980 following a long history of border disputes and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long suppressed Shia majority influenced by Iran's Islamic revolution.
More Developed Country/Less Developed Country
Gross Domestic Product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation
The percentage of a country's people who can read and write.
A figure indicating how long, on average, a person may be expected to live
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
situation in which countries rely on each other to provide goods and services
A private sector organization that does not primarily aim to make a profit. Instead, they operate for the benefit of others in society.
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
A specialized agency of the United Nations that makes loans to countries for economic development, trade promotion, and debt consolidation. Its formal name is the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
In addition to the G8, a group of 19 nations plus EU representatives make up the ___ or the Group of 20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors.
Current Global Issues
1. North Korea's Nuclear Launching are worrying neighboring countries including China, Japan, and South Korea
2. Syrian Refugee Crisis is sending way to many people to Europe because the USA won't open its doors and let them in.
3. Human Rights are being Violated Frequently in the middle east. Some examples of the violations are the beating and killings of civilians and the fact that the people who are trapped have no freedom move
4. Global Warming is destroying many animals homes and will soon be destroying ours because of how quickly the sea levels are rising.
5. Over Population is affecting few countries but it is still a problem because if the world becomes over populated then there will be a world wide food shortage and many people will die.
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