Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
ICHWC Exam Study (Cardiovascular disease-mainly heart disease and stroke)
Terms in this set (43)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type
of heart disease in the United States
For some people, the first sign of CAD
is a heart attack.
CAD is caused by
plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries) and other parts of the body.
Plaque is made up of
deposits of cholesterol and other substances in the artery.
Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time, which could partially or totally block the blood flow.
When your heart muscle doesn't get enough blood, you may have chest pain or discomfort, called
Angina is the most common symptom of
CAD Coronary artery disease
ECD or EKG (electrocardiogram)
Measures the electrical activity, rate, and regularity of your heartbeat
Uses ultrasound (special sound wave) to create a picture of the heart.
Exercise stress test
Measures your heart rate while you walk on a treadmill. This helps to determine how well your heart is working when it has to pump more blood.
Uses x-rays to create a picture of the heart, lungs, and other organs in the chest.
Checks the inside of your arteries for blockage by inserting a thin, flexible tube through an artery in the groin, arm, or neck to reach the heart. Health care professionals can measure blood pressure within the heart and the strength of blood flow through the heart's chambers as well as collect blood samples from the heart or inject dye into the arteries of the heart (coronary arteries).
Monitors blockage and flow of blood through the coronary arteries. Uses X-rays to detect dye injected via cardiac catheterization.
The five major symptoms of a heart attack are
Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back.
Feeling weak, light-headed, or faint.
Chest pain or discomfort.
Pain or discomfort in arms or shoulder.
Shortness of breath.
On top of the five major symptoms other symptoms of a heart attack could include
unusual or unexplained tiredness
nausea or vomiting
(Women are more likely to have these other symptoms)
If you notice the symptoms of a heart attack in yourself or someone else,
call 9-1-1 immediately.
What is the 'chain of survival' for surviving a heart attack
Care by professionals
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for
High blood pressure is a medical condition that occurs when
the pressure of the blood in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high
High blood pressure is often called
a "silent killer" because many people do not notice symptoms to signal high blood pressure
a waxy, fat-like substance made by the liver or found in certain foods.
cholesterol can build up in
the walls of the arteries, including those of the heart. This leads to narrowing of the arteries and can decrease the blood flow to the heart, brain, kidneys, and other parts of the body.
5 major risk factors for heart disease:
Diets high in saturated fats, trans fat, and cholesterol
sedentary life style
Drinking too much alcohol can raise
blood pressure levels and the risk for heart disease. It also increases levels of triglycerides, a form of cholesterol, which can harden your arteries.
Appropriate portions of alcohol before it becomes a risk factor
Women should have no more than 1 drink a day.
Men should have no more than 2 drinks a day
Genetic factors likely play some role in high blood pressure, heart disease, and other related conditions. However, it is also likely that people with a family history of heart disease share
common environments, diets and other potential factors that increase their risk.
The risk for heart disease can increase even more when heredity combined
with unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking cigarettes and eating an unhealthy diet
In 2013, heart disease was the number one killer of
both men and women
A stroke occurs when
something blocks blood supply to part of the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In either case, parts of the brain become damaged or die
A stroke can cause
lasting brain damage, long-term disability, or even death.
To work properly, your brain needs oxygen. Although your brain makes up only 2% of your body weight, it uses what percent of the oxygen you breathe?
20% of the oxygen you breathe
If something happens to block the flow of blood, brain cells start to die within
minutes because they can't get oxygen
What are two types of stroke:
An ischemic stroke occurs when
blood clots or other particles block the blood vessels to the brain. Fatty deposits called plaque can also cause blockages by building up in the blood vessels
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when
a blood vessel bursts in the brain. Blood builds up and damages surrounding brain tissue.
Use the letters in "fast" to spot stroke signs and know when to call 9-1-1. F.A.S.T. stands for
Time to call 911
Signs of Stroke in Men and Women (5)
- Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
Why do people ignore transient ischemic strokes.
because TIAs clear up quickly. But paying attention to a TIA can save your life
If you have already had a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), also known as a "mini-stroke," your chances of having another stroke are
Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder linked to what kind of stroke?
Conditions of Stroke are (5)
High blood pressure
Sickle cell disease
Stroke is more common in
women than men
The risk of having a first stroke is nearly twice as high for
blacks as for whites
Sets found in the same folder
Highlights to Remember for ICHWC exam
ICHWC Exam Study (Activity)
Know your numbers
Coaching Skills and Competencies (From Coaching Ps…
Sets with similar terms
Ch. 15: Cardiovascular Disease
Other sets by this creator
ICHWC Exam study (Metabolic syndrome, arthritis an…
ICHWC Exam study (Wellness and Well-being Concepts)
ICHWC Exam study (Sleep)