17 terms

STAAR Review 4 - Antebellum Era 1836-1860

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Abolition Movement
Movement led by Fredrick Douglass and others to end slavery.
Public Education
Between 1830-1850, many northern states opened free public schools. Education allowed kids more chances. (Leaders; Horace Mann)
Labor Reform Movement
The social/reform movement that argued for issues like higher wages, shorter hours, regulation of child labor and better working conditions.
Women's Rights
A movement that argued women should have the same rights as men
Temperance Movement
campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
Sectionalism
Americans began to place love of section or region above patriotic love of nation. Northerners became increasingly concerned about industrialization (factories) while southerners began to focus more and more on growing cotton (and keeping slavery going).
Bleeding Kansas
Conflict over the expansion of slavery into the Kansas Territory during its transition to statehood. Free-Staters battled slavery supporters with violence.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty
Susan B. Anthony
Leader in women's suffrage (right to vote) movement for 50 years to the effort to attain equal rights for women.
Henry David Thoreau
American essayist, poet, practical philosopher, and transcendentalist. Wrote "Civil Disobedience" (passive resistance) and supported abolitionism.
Sojourner Truth
Former slave who fought for women's rights and abolition of slavery
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Author of declaration of the rights of women, seeking equal rights for women. Her and Lucretia Mott held the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York.
Horace Mann
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
The Liberator
An anti-slavery newspaper written by William Lloyd Garrison. It drew attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Tariff of Abominations
1828 - Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was economically discriminatory and unconstitutional because it violated state's rights.
Nullification Crisis
1832-33 was over the tariff policy of the Fed. Gov't during Jackson's presidency which prompted South Carolina to threaten the use of NULLIFICATION, possible secession and Andrew Jackson's determination to end with military force.
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