Upgrade to remove ads
Philosophy Final (Aquinas)
Terms in this set (33)
Ordering of things toward an end
Dictate of practical reason from ruler of community for common good
Telling people the rule
God's conception of ends and means
Rational creature's part of eternal law
Predicate is contained within the notion of the subject
Object of act
That which, when attained, completes the act
End of act
What the object is a means to
Who, what, when, where
God creates everything, and thus is the master. What does it mean to say someone is "master" of the thing he makes?
He designs the thing with an end and gives it a means to attain it.
To what do we look to figure out the eternal law, for other creatures and for ourselves?
Fundamental drives and inclination.
What do natural inclinations indicates for any creature?
What is naturally good for it.
What natural inclinations are unique to human beings?
Knowing the truth living in society.
What indemonstrable first principle follows from the intellectual grasp of "good"?
The indemonstrable principle is that good is to be sought, it opposite avoided.
The self-evident precept that obstacles to human life should be avoided is derived from
The inclination to self-preservation
The fundamental natural inclinations to sexual intercourse and the care of offspring indicate that the following things are good
C.) Educating one's children
Which of the following precepts are derived from the fundamental inclinations to know the truth and live in society?
Avoid ignorance and offending others
The most basic precepts of the natural law are
The same for all human beings at all times and place
The fundamental precepts of the natural law are subject to change only by
Addition: when we give further specification to the basic principles
We can lose track of what the natural law demands by
Concupiscence or passion
There must be an intellectual appetite, distinct from sense appetite, because animals have sense appetite
The will cannot help but desire happiness, although we may not know exactly what that is
The will must desire many thing that are not connected to happiness
Human choice is most free when we act irrationally
An intrinsic principle of movement is both necessary and sufficient for an act to be voluntary
An act done from coercion or compulsion goes directly against the will, and so involuntary
An act done from fear goes directly against the will, and so is involuntary
An act done from concupiscence, even if very strong, is always voluntary
An act is evil to the extent that is unreasonable
An act is primarily good or evil based on its object
An act is made better, even if it has a bad object, by aiming at a further good end
An act can be morally indifferent in its object, but the circumstances of the concrete act will make it good or evil
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
chapter 2 religion test - longo
Junior Theo Review Ch 3
Junior Theo Review Ch 3
Chapter 6 Religion
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
BUS Ethics Exam 1
TCM Chapter 8
TCM Chapter 7
OPMT 340 Exam 1