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47 terms

AP Language & Comp. Unit 1

STUDY
PLAY
Exculpate
to remove blame from someone
Vindicate
to prove that someone is not guilty or is free from blame, after other people blamed them
Vilify
to say or write unpleasant things about someone or something, in order to cause other people to have a bad opinion of them
"He was ______ by the press as a monster"
Demonize
to try to make someone or a group of people seem as if they are completely evil
"The Nazis used racist propaganda in an attempt to ______ the Jews"
Laud
to praise (a person for their achievements)
Excoriate
to state the opinion that a play, a book, a political action, etc. is very bad; criticize severely
"The President ______ the Western press for their biased views"
Deign
to do something unwillingly and in a way that shows that you think you are too important to do it
"she did not ______ to answer the maid's question"
Execrate
to feel or express great loathing for
Fulminate
to criticize severely
"All of the students _______ against the new principal"
Impute
to say that someone is responsible for something that has happened, or that something is the cause of something else
"They _______ the error to the lawyer who was handling her case"
Disabuse
to persuade someone that an idea or belief is mistaken
"He thought that all women liked children, but she soon _______ him of that idea"
Bowdlerize
to remove words or parts from a book, play or film that are considered to be unsuitable or offensive
"The version of the play that I saw had been dreadfully _______"
Hector
to talk and behave towards someone in a loud and unpleasantly forceful way, to talk to someone in a bullying way
"He had a pushy, ______ing manner"
Cauterize
to burn an injury to stop bleeding and prevent infection
Suborn
to bribe or otherwise induce someone to commit an unlawful act
"he was accused of trying to ______ witnesses"
Insufflate
to blow or breath on someone to symbolize spiritual influence
Genuflect
to bend one or both knees as a sign of respect to God, especially when entering or leaving a Catholic church
"People were ______ in front of the altar."
Deprecate
to express disapproval of
Ostracize
to avoid someone intentionally or to prevent them from taking part in a group
"the nerd was _______ from the popular group"
Titillate
to make someone excited, usually with sexually
Assuage
to make an unpleasant feeling less intense
"The government has tried to ______ the public's fears"
Remonstrate
to complain to someone or about something
"I went to the boss to ______ against the new rules"
Extrapolate
to draw conclusions from information that is given
"You can't really ______ a trend from such a small sample"
Conjoin
to combine
Beguile
to persuade, attract or interest, sometimes in order to deceive
"The salesman ______ him into buying a car he didn't want"
Castigate
to reprimand (someone) severely:
"he was ______ for not setting a good example"
Stomach
to be able to accept an unpleasant idea or watch something unpleasant
"She found the violence in the film hard to _______"
Extirpate
to remove or destroy something completely
Lacerate
to cut or tear something, especially flesh
"The man's face was severely _____ in the accident"
Dissemble
to conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs
"She is an honest, sincere person with no need to ______"
Loathe
to feel intense dislike or disgust for
"From an early age the brothers have _____ each other"
Intercede
to persuade someone in authority to save someone else from punishment or to obtain forgiveness for this person
Mitigate
to make something less harmful, unpleasant or bad
"he wanted to _______ misery in the world"
Ruminate
to think carefully for a long period about something
"She ______ for weeks about whether or not to tell him"
Apprise
to inform or someone about something
"The President has been ______ of the situation."
Obviate
to remove a difficulty; to avoid, prevent
"The blinds _______ the need for curtains"
Countervail
to offset the effect of something by countering it with equal force
Belabor
to argue or elaborate in extreme detail; to attack or assault
"The bully ______ the small boy"
Contuse
to bruise
"His arm was ______ after the accident"
Foist
to force someone to have or experience something they do not want
"I try not to ______ my values on the children but it's hard"
Absolve
to free someone from guilt, blame or responsibility for something
"The priest ______ him of all his sins"
Impale
to push a sharp object through something, especially the body of an animal or person
"The deer was _______ by a spear"
Portend
to be a sign that something bad is likely to happen
"The number 13 _______ bad luck"
Aver
to state the truth of something strongly
"The lawyer _______ her client's innocence"
Exalt
to hold someone in high regard, think highly of
Presage
to be a sign or warning, to predict
Proselytize
to try to persuade someone to change their religious or political beliefs or their way of living to your own
"No amount of _______ will change their minds"