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SS final exam study guide
Terms in this set (44)
an article added to the US Constitution.
(of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers
a body of advisers to a head of state who also serve as the heads of government departments
review by the US Supreme Court to determine if a law is or is not Constitutional
system of government where the territories are controlled by two levels of government. A national government and the state/local governments. All have the power to "make"laws and have some independence from one another
the president refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law
Bill of rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.
Right to vote for US citizens who are eighteen y/o and older
State or smaller court having limited jurisdiction - under federal and supreme courts
Act of admission
congressional act admitting a new State to the Union
powers that are shared by both the federal government and a state or province
grants/money given by the government to the states to fund research projects. An individual with qualifications can also apply for such a grant. Usually project grants are funded for three years.
also called conditional grants, are grants issued by the United States Congress which may be spent only for narrowly defined purposes. i
a grant from central government which a local authority (state/district) can allocate and spend on a wide range of services
those powers exercised by Congress that are not literally written in the Constitution, but are implied and needed to govern
federal law and constitution take precedence over state laws/state constitutions
an amount of money given to local government, an institution, or a particular scholar
statute empowering a person or body to take certain action, especially to make regulations, rules, or orders.
general election in the United States which is held when neither a presidential election nor a midterm election takes place.
a legislative body, such as the U.S. Senate, that achieves stability by staggering the terms of its members to prevent more than a minority of seats from changing in a single election.
ability to send mail by one's signature rather than by postage
a person selected to represent a group of people in some political assembly of the United States.
the current holder of an office or position
individual person or member of a board given control or powers of administration
sets the inauguration date for new presidential terms and the date for new sessions of Congress
direct election of U.S. senators by the voters of the states
body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body (we, the people who vote)
argues a broad interpretation of the provisions of the Constitution, particularly those granting powers to the Federal Government,Strict constructionistwho favors giving a narrow interpretation of a given document who favors a strict construction of the Constitution
coins or banknotes that must be accepted if offered in payment of a debt
authorizes Congress "to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with Indian Tribes."
those powers that the Constitution has specifically given to the federal government - written in the document
charge with a crime or misconduct specifically : to charge (a public official) Impeachment is the first step in removing an officer from office.
How many voting amendments are there - explain 3
Three - 15 - men of color/different religions the right to vote 19 - women's right to vote and 26 - voting age 18.
Why have only 27 amendments been added?
The Constitution is rarely amended because the requirements for amendment are very strict: amendments must be passed by two thirds of both chambers of Congress (or a majority of delegates at a special national convention, though this method has never been used); to be ratified, three fourths of the states must approve
Why did the framers see a need for a national judiciary?
They believed the new government needed a way to enforce its laws in a uniform way across the nation
What's the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
First 10 Amendments to the Constitution. It spells out Americans' rights in relation to their government. It guarantees civil rights and liberties to the individual—like freedom of speech, press, and religion
What does the state's nickname "laboratories of the government" mean ?
They are powers to control their local people but not powers that the federal government holds.
Can Congress add a new territory as a state if they choose a governor? Why or why not?
it would not be legal, based on a Supreme Court decision that held that Congress cannot compromise the independence of a State and its ability to manage its own internal affairs.
Why can't a state deport unauthorized immigrants?
Immigration laws exist protecting the rights of immigrants
What is a census and what is the purpose of one?
the census aims to count the entire population of a country, an ly d at the location where each person usually lives
Explain the 17th and 27th amendments 17th Amendment gave people the right to vote for their senators instead of the state legislature;No law changing the salary for Senators and Representatives shall take effect
until an election of Representatives has intervened.
What are the formal and informal characteristics of a member of the senate?
Must be at least 25 y/o, a citizen for at least 7 years, and who must live in the state he represents when/if elected
What does "necessary but proper" mean?
allows Congress "To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the [enumerated] Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States
Why does the federal government borrow money and how do they get it?
the federal government borrows money to fund its deficit spending - to pay its "bills" The government borrows money by selling bonds
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