Science Final Exam Review - Part 1
Terms in this set (33)
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
A fold in rock that bends downward to form a valley
the downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
A meander that has been cut off from the river
a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles.
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid
the solid, outer layer of the earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
A thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching.
Igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces between sediment grains and bind sediments together to form rock.
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
the process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and carried away (i.e. weathering, glaciation)
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced; a divergent plate boundary.
a deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other.
A plate boundary where two plates move toward each other.
The large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof of a volcano's magma chamber collapses.
a wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternate with layers of ash and other volcanic materials
A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground.
A type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side
a winding curve or bend of a river or road
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself across rock layers
the flow of ash, cinders, bombs, and gases down the side of a volcano during an explosive eruption
Circular currents in the mantle caused by the magma being heated by the core off the Earth.