All Tate Objective Questions
Terms in this set (96)
In 1850, _____________ was still the dominant power on the Italian peninsula
The force for Italian unification began in the Italian state of ___________
Kingdom of Piedmont
The Italian state's prime minister was ______________
Camillo di Cavour
Knowing that his army couldn't win independence alone, Camillo di Cavour formed an alliance with this European power
The true Italian patriot who chose to turn over his southern Italian conquests to the united northern Italian powers
On March 17, 1861, the new kingdom of Italy was proclaimed with ___________ as their king.
Victor Emmanuel II
After the war, the kingdom of Venetia was finally included in the kingdom of Italy
Austro-Prussian War of 1866
After this war, Rome became the new capital of the united Italian state
Franco-Prussian War of 1870
The force for German unification began in the German state of ____________
This German state's prime minister was _____________
Otto von Bismark
After this war, the southern German states united with Northern German Confederation, establishing the Second German Empire
Franco-Prussian War of 1870
On January 18, 1871, the Second German Empire was established with ______________________ as their emperor
"The first and greatest concern for the immense majority of every nation is the stability of the laws, and their uninterrupted action -- never their change."
"Society can no longer be saved without strong and vigorous resolutions on the part of the governments still free in their opinions and actions"
These quotes capture this political philosophy.
"The only purpose for which can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others." This quote captures this political philosophy.
In the June Days of the 1848 French Revolution, four hundred were killed as troops mobilized from the countryside to destroy barricades erected in Paris. What was the significance of this event?
The drive for social revolution in France had ended, with a secure dominance in political affairs by conservative property holders
On December 10, 1848, this man was elected president of the short-lived Second French Republic.
A regiment is approximately _________ soldiers
A division is led by a ____________
What does the "sick man" refer to in Tsar Nicholas I's message to the British in January 1852
The Eastern Question
After a costly victory at the River Alma, the Allied forces made this mistaken decision, resulting in far more losses on both sides over the coming month
Harboring at Balaklava for three weeks to prepare for a proper siege of Sebastopol
This country suffered the largest loss of life in the Crimean War
To achieve the unification of Italy, the kingdom of Piedmont had to defeat the ______________________________
In March 1849, the _______________ ____________________ wrote a constitution and offered the crown of a unified Germany to Frederick William IV of Prussia
A ______________ is a military unit of about 150 soldiers
The Kingdom of Piedmont's Prime Minister, _________ _____ _________________, strengthened Piedmont's army and formed an alliance with France, which paved the way for the eventual unification of Germany
Otto von Bismark
By goading their neighbor into the __________________-_______________ War of 1870, Prussia pushed the southern German states to honor their alliance with the Northern German Confederation, which paved the way for victory and the establishment of the Second German Empire
"This then is the appropriate region of human liberty. It comprises, first, the inward domain of consciousness; demanding liberty of conscience in the most comprehensive sense; liberty of thought and feeling; absolute freedom of opinion and sentiment on all subjects, practical or speculative, scientific, moral, or theological." This quote best captures _________________
In 1849, he turned down the crown of a unified Germany, offered to him by the Frankfurt Parliament
Frederick William IV
Results of the Crimean War
1) Beginning of friendly ties between GB and Russia
2) End of friendly ties between Austria and Russia
3) The entente cordiale between GB and France
In 1882, the Dual Alliance treaty was expanded to include this country
In the 1837 Treaty of London, this country promised to protect the neutrality of Belgium
The Russian Revolution occurred in this year
This Russian Tsar abdicated on March 15
The Bolsheviks were led by this man
On March 3, 1918, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk recognized ________________________________
Russian withdrawal from WWI
The three most important decision makers at the Paris Peace Conference were ______________________
Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George
Which of the following groups represents the Triple Entente?
Russia, Great Britain, France
Which of the following groups represents the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
A plan that called for Germany to attack on the Western Front and defend on the Eastern Front, capture Paris before British troops could cross the English channel, and violate the neutrality of Belgium in order to avoid traversing the Alps
In the 1914 Battle of Tannenberg, the poorly trained Russian soldiers lost to the much better trained ____________
For most of the war, _________________ acted as commander of the Russian troops under Allied Forces
Tsar Nicholas II
Lenin's commissar of war during the Russian Civil was __________________
The Bolsheviks are best described as a Russian ________________
Communist political faction
Who were the Harlem Hell Fighters?
An African American infantry regiment
The 1919 peace agreement between the Allied Powers and Germany
Treaty of Versailles
Because of Article 231, the "War Guilt Clause" and the extreme reparations payments required, this treaty would not last and would be replaced in 1924 by the ________________
After this event in 1923, Adolf Hitler was imprisoned for 9 months, when he wrote Mein Kampf
Munich Beer Hall Putsch
Mein Kampf advocates for the creation of a "living space" for all Germans, which Hitler would use to justify his foreign policies towards neighboring countries with large German populations
For Japan, the Mukden Incident justified their __________________
1931 Invasion of Manchuria
This 1936 pact between Japan and Germany was directed against the Soviet Union in particular and communism in general
After this event, King Victor Emmanuel III reluctantly agreed to appoint Benito Mussolini as prime minister
1922 March on Rome
The policy of appeasement was that of which UK prime minister?
Despite numerous agreements (Treaty of Versailles, Dawes Plan, Treaties of Locarno, Young Plan), France never trusted Germany to remain peaceful. This distrust is evidenced by the massive investments in defenses along the French-German border called the ________________________
Who initiated the "New Deal", which helped pull the US out of the Great Depression?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
In 1994, this man was elected president of South Africa, officially ending the policy of apartheid
In the second half of the 20th century, South Africa was marked by ____________________
Minority rule by White South Africans
Under apartheid, black sovereignty was restricted to a series of small ______________
Iran became one of the richest countries in the Middle East in the 20th century because of its vast ________ industry
In 1979, a revolution in Iran overthrew this shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
The Islamic Republic, established in 1979, is led by clerics of this faith
Arabs of this faith were a small minority of the population in Iraq but held the majority of positions of power, mostly as members of Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party
The US President during the Gulf War
George HW Bush
Codename for the Iraq War
Operation Iraqi Freedom
The US President during the beginning of the Iraq War
George W Bush
The Afghanistan War's codename
Operation Enduring Freedom
Before the US conflict in Afghanistan in the 21st century, which country also fought a war there in the 1980s?
In 2010, this Tunisian street vendor lit himself on fire in front of a government office building, sparking protests and revolutions across the Middle East
Who was the President of Tunisia who fled to Saudi Arabia in 2011?
In Tunisia today, who is the head of government?
Which US General accepted the surrender of Japan and then went on to be instrumental in the restructuring of Japan after the war?
Douglas A. MacArthur
The giant business cartels in Japan that were formed after the war are called ______________________
A civil war in ______________ prompted Truman to deliver a speech to Congress in which he requested foreign aid to prevent the spread of communism
This plan offered financial aid to all countries affected by WWII
The Marshall Plan
How did Stalin escalate tension in 1948 and 1949 (first major escalation following WWII)?
Which US President dubbed the Soviet Union as "The Evil Empire"?
The policy of containment was adopted in 1947 by the US with regards to the Soviet Union under which presidential administration?
After Mao Zedong and the Communists came to power in 1949, Chiang Kai-shek and his government fled to _____________
This General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union is remembered for his Secret Speech in 1955 and his policy of de-Stalinization
The advocate and namesake of the European Recovery Program
The leader of North Korea during the Korean War
What was the name of the German Air Force?
The high altitude bombings of London and other English cities that lasted for nearly a year in 1940-1941 is known as ______________________
How did WWII affect the European nations' colonial empires?
WWII began the dissolution of these empires
One result of this Allied conference was that Allies would accept nothing less than the unconditional surrender of Japan
One result of this Allied conference was that the Soviet Union would enter the fight against Japan
One result of this Allied conference was the finalization of plans to divide Germany into four occupation zones to be administered by the four major Allied Powers
One result of this Allied conference was that the Allies would open a new front against Germany through France
When is V-E day?
May 8, 1945
What happened on September 1, 1939?
German invasion of Poland
Who were the Axis Powers in WWII?
Germany, Italy, Japan
Who were the Allied Powers in WWII?
Great Britain, France, (Soviet Union and US later)
About whom did Winston Churchill say, "Never was so much owed by so many to so few"?
Royal Air Force
The United States wanted to avoid involvement in another European war. Instead of putting boots on the ground, the US implemented this policy which would economically support GB and the Soviet Union in the fight against Nazi Germany
What happened on December 7, 1941?
Which major leader was not present at the Cairo Conference in 1943?
At this conference in 1943, the "Big Three" Allied leaders agreed that new front would be opened against Nazi Germany