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Chapter 23 French Revolution and Napoleon
Terms in this set (51)
The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
2% of population, rich nobles, owned 20-25% of land, no taxes-hated enlightenment
98% of the population made up of Bourgeoisie, San Cullotes, and the Peasent Farmers
Medieval fortress that was converted to a prison stormed by peasants for ammunition during the early stages of the French Revolution.
Government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.
Group of five men who served as liaisons between Robespierre and the Assembly. Overthrown by Napoleon.1795-1799
Right to vote.
Committee of public safety
A government committee made during the Reign of Terror. It dealt with all foreign and international rebellions against the republic.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.
to give up a position, right, or power
Congress of Vienna
(1814-1815 CE) Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon.
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
Tennis court oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
3rd estate declaration that it was the only true govt. in france
French middle class
A council of representatives that advise the French king
- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
A French financial expert and Louis XVI's economic adviser
Declaration of the rights of man
Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
a flag having three colored stripes (especially the French flag) ribbon that you wore which meant you supported the revolution
Queen of France, wife of King Louis XVI; she was queen during the French Revolution and disliked by many French citizens. She was found guilty of treason and guillotined.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Lawyer who gains power in the National Convention with Jacobins and conducts the Reign of Terror; he believed that he could make a "Republic of Virtue" based on the ideas of the revolution, the second leader of the committee of public safety
Dr. Joseph Guillotin
introduced a machine to make executions more humane and efficient
Reign of terror
(1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed for "disloyalty"
Concordat of 1801
This is the agreement between Pope Pius VII and Napoleon that healed the religious division in France by giving the French Catholics free practice of their religion and Napoleon political power
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon for equality.
. Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. (p. 591)
The site of Napoleon's defeat by British and Prussian armies in 1815, which ended his last bid for power
A moderate republican faction active in the French Revolution from 1791 to 1793. The Girondin Party favored a policy of extending the French Revolution beyond France's borders.
Left: Radicals, Liberals. Center: Moderate. Right: Conservatives, Reactionaries: the range of political views within a political spectrum
A person with extreme views
tolerant or broad-minded; generous or lavish
Person whose views are between conservative and liberal and may include some of both ideologies
Careful use of resources.
French revolutionary leader who stormed the Paris bastille and who supported the execution of Louis XVI but was guillotined by Robespierre for his opposition to the Reign of Terror (1759-1794)
Civil Constitution of the clergy
1790 declaration by the French National Assembly creating a national church with 83 bishops, democratically elected clergy, and state-paid salaries
Woman's march on versailles
When six thousand women led a protest from Paris to Versailles and demanded to see the king. Their anger was partially directed towards Marie Antoinette.
Constitution of 1791
Constitution created by the French Revolution that had a limited monarchy
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
The french republic
Was the republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte.
Campaign to eliminate Christian faith and practice in France undertaken by the revolutionary government.
Declaration of the rights of woman
French Revolution document that outlined what the National Assembly considered to be the natural rights of all people and the rights that they possessed as citizens
Constitution of 1795
Constitution created by the French Revolution that had no monarchy and an executive called the Directory
French revolutionary leader (born in Switzerland) who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday (1743-1793)
L'Ami de people
a newspaper written during the early French Revolution
Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite
Rallying cry of the French Revolutionaries; literally translated "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" into English.
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