Search
Create
Log in
Sign up
Log in
Sign up
IED FINAL
STUDY
Flashcards
Learn
Write
Spell
Test
PLAY
Match
Gravity
Terms in this set (87)
What is the most effective way to generate possible solutions to a problem?
brainstorming
What is a person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
engineer
What term describes a new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation?
invention
What term describes an improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something?
innovation
What is a group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, stimulating creative thinking by participation in a discussion?
brainstorm
What is a limitation or restriction to a design process?
constraint
What is an iterative decision-making process that produces plans by which resources are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems?
design
What is a written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints.
design brief
What is a part of a design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed?
design statement
What is a book in which an engineer will formally document, in chronological order, all of his/her work that is associated with a specific design project?
engineer notebook
What is a full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments?
prototype
What is the systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions?
research
What is the correct order of the design process?
a. Define the Problem
b. Construct and Test a Prototype
c. Present Solution
d. Evaluate Solution
e. Generate Concepts
f. Develop a Solution
a, e, f, b, d, c
What is the representation of light and shade on a sketch or map?
Tonal shading
What are lighty drawn lines to guide drawing other lines and shapes?
Construction line
What is a line which represents where a dimension starts and stops?
Extension line
What is a line which defines the center of arcs, circles, or symmetrical parts?
Center line
What is a line type that represents an edge that is not directly visible?
Hidden line
What is a heavy solid line used on a drawing to represent the outline of an object?
Object line
What is a line which represents distance?
Dimension line
What is a drawing which contains views of an object projected onto two or more orthographic planes?
Multi-view drawing
What is a line which indicates dimensions of arcs, circles and detail?
Leader line
What is a method of representing three- dimensional objects on a plane having only length and breadth. Also referred to as Right Angle Projection?
Orthographic Projection
What is an oblique pictorial where height, width, and depth are represented at full scale?
cavalier pictorial
What is a form of pictorial sketch in which vanishing points are used to provide the depth and distortion that is seen with the human eye?
Perspective sketch
What is an oblique pictorial where depth is represented as half scale compared to the height and width scale?
Cabinet Pictorial
What is a form of pictorial sketch in which all three drawing axes form equal angles of 120 degrees with the plane of projection?
isometric sketch
What is a form of pictorial in which an object is represented as true width and height, but the depth can be any size and drawn at any angle?
Oblique sketch
What are the 3 common Dimensions?
Height, Width, Depth
What is a drawing that is used to show the material, size, and shape of a product for manufacturing purposes?
Technical Working Drawing
The Degree of closeness of measurements to the actual or accepted value is called _________.
accuracy
The degree to which repeated measurements show the same result is called ___________.
precision
What is a sketch called if the same measurement/dimension is on 2 or more of the views?
over-dimensioned
A graph of vertical bars representing the frequency distribution of a set of data is called a __________
histogram
What is a collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, and presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data?
statistics
What is a measure of the spread of data values
Standard Deviation
What is a function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph?
normal distribution
Mean, Median, Mode, or Range?
The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set
mode
Mean, Median, Mode, or Range?
The difference between the largest and smallest values that occur in a set of data
range
Mean, Median, Mode, or Range?
A measure of center in a set of numerical
median
Mean, Median, Mode, or Range?
The avergae number in a data set
mean
What is the Center of a distribution
central tendancy
What is a measuring instrument having two adjustable jaws typically used to measure distance or thickness?
caliper
A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original.
model
To add explanatory notes to a drawing
annotate
...
...
A part or element of a larger whole
componant
A physical representation of an object. Prototypes and appearance models are these.
physical model
An enlarged or reduced representation of an object that is usually intende for study purposes.
scale model
Constant, non-numerical relationships between the parts of a geometric figure. Examples include parallelism, perpendicularity, and concentricity.
geometric constraint
Drawings that convey all of the information needed to manufacture and assemble a design.
working drawings
A curve formed at the interior intersection between two or more surfaces.
fillet
The measure of mass _______ is a measure of mass per volume.
density
To draw a figure within another so that their boundaries touch but do not intersect.
inscribe
A straight or curved line that intersects a circle or arc at one point only.
tangent
A 3D point where the total weight of the body may be considered to be concentrated.
center of gravity
What 3D CAD functions could be used to create a wire paper clip?
sweep
What feature would be used to create a 3D representation of a baseball or softball?
revolve
The relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc. size or weight relationships among structures or among elements in a single structures
proportion
The state of being noticeably different from something else when put or considered together
contrast
A repeated decorative design.
pattern
The process of taking something apart and analyzing its workings in detail.
reverse engineering
Special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
emphasis
the __________ _______ system identifies a system's input, output, and specific funtion
black box
Arcs are dimensioned with a ____________ line
leader
front and side views of a circle should have a ________ mark.
center
In an assembly, what constraint would you use to place a pin inside a hole?
insert
Also known as point-to- point dimensioning where dimensions are established from one point to the next.
chain dimensioning
The largest and smallest possible boundaries to which a feature may be made as related to the tolerance of the dimension. (stack on top of each other)
limit dimensions
A dimensioning system where each dimension originates from a common surface, plane, or axis. Also known as baseline dimensioning.
datum dimensioning
The acceptable amount of dimensional variation that will still allow an object to function correctly.
tolerance
A tolerance in which variation is permitted in both directions from the specified dimension.
bilateral tolerance
The tightest possible fit between two mating parts.
allowance
Limits the size of mating parts so that a clearance always results when mating parts are assembled.
clearance fit
A list of materials or parts specified for a project.
parts list
a hole that does not go completely through the work piece
blind hole
gradual diminution of width or thickness in an elongated object
taper
a cylindrical recess around a hole (a bigger hole inside another hole)
counter bore
a hole with internal threads
tapped holes
a conical shaped recess around the inside of a hole
countersink
A view that is used to show features that is located on an inclined surface in true size and shape.
auxilary view
Thin lines used in a section view to indicate where the cutting plane line has cut through material.
section lines
A sectional drawing based on a cutting plane line that extends completely through an object.
full section
A view that is used to show a magnified view of features that are too small to adequately specify in another view.
detail view
A sectional drawing based on a cutting plane line that cuts through one-quarter of an object. A half section reveals half of the interior and half of the exterior.
half section
Used to show "inside" details not apparent on the exterior of the part
section view
donato bramante
hi
;