14 terms


Sociologically, which of the following least qualifies as a group?
all African American women attending colleges and universities in the United States
A group of strangers waiting for a bus at the corner of Poplar and Main streets is an example of ______________.
A[n] ________ designates social position while a[n] ________ designates socially expected behavior.
status; role
The degree to which members of a society feel united by shared values and other social bonds is what Durkheim referred to as ________.
social integration
According to Durkheim, the shared consciousness that people experience as a result of performing the same or similar tasks is called ________.
mechanical solidarity
What is the primary difference between an ascribed status and an achieved status?
Ascribed statuses are involuntary while achieved statuses are voluntary.
Leo is a college graduate, cello teacher, and a member of Who's Who Among Students in American Colleges and Universities. This would be an example of ________.
his achieved statuses
Cordell Walker is a Texas Ranger, a husband, a father, a good friend to many, and a martial artist. Together, these titles comprise what sociologists would call Walker's ________.
status set
The sociological focus of microsociology places its emphasis on ________.
social interaction
What is the primary reason for the differences people have in behavior and attitude?
location in the social structure
The two sociological perspectives that focus on the broader picture, or the macrosociological approach, are ________.
conflict theory and functionalism
Jennie is studying how the President's new economic policies are affecting employment and unemployment rates, homelessness, and the amount of money people save. In view of this, Jennie is primarily utilizing which sociological approach?
According to Robert Merton, the intended beneficial consequences of people's actions that help a social system to be more efficient are ________.
manifest functions
Which of the following statements is least accurate when addressing feminist theory?
Conflict between men and women is a relatively new phenomenon brought about by equal rights legislation.