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Greece and Rome key terms
Terms in this set (57)
rule by a single person
a political system governed by a few people
the most powerful members of a society
the belief in government by divine guidance
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
Common people of Rome
official who were elected by the Plebeians to protect their interests
Two officials from the patrician class that were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
groups of 5,000 soldiers, broken up into centuries of 100
elected to help consuls for sixth months at a time, commanded armies in times of war and oversaw legal system in times of peace
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
the earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians that became the foundation of Roman law
romulus and remus
Legend says they are twin sons that found Rome and were raised by a she wolf
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
part of triumvirate; defeated by Caesar; fled to Egypt
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal
tiberius and gaius gracchus
Brothers who tried to limit estate size and give land to poor, were not accepted by patricians
Caesar's adopted son who defeated Mark Anthony for title of ruler of Rome after Caesar's death
a general and ally of caesar. divided half of rome with caeser. commits suiside with cleopatra.
She was an egyptian queen who had an affair with Marc Antony. She commits suicie with Marc Antony because Marc was defeated at Actium and Augustus was after them.
"rule of three" after Caesar's death: Octavian, Marc Antony, and Lepidus
200 year period of peace in Rome
good and bad emporers
the group of emporers following the fall of the "pax romana"
A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
foreign soldiers who fought for money
Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part
Roman emporer who moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Constantinople
attila the hun
A king of the Huns in the fifth century. His forces overran many parts of central and eastern Europe. His armies were known for their cruelty and wholesale destruction.
a collection of myths or stories, usually about the gods and their relationships to human beings; the study of myths
The supreme god of ancient Greek mythology
ancient Greek epic poet who is wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
was written by Homer and was about Odysseus' 10 year struggle to get home
son of Darius, who took the throne (became a persian kind), invaded Greece, and was eventually defeated
darius the great
King of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon
alexander the great
King of Macedonia. Greek military leader whos armies conquerd vast amounts of land, ruler of 1st great European Empire of the ancient world
A powerful Greek city-state that was a long time rival of Sparta
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; rival of Sparta
tragedy and comedy
oldest and most familiar forms of ancient greek drama
Greek thinkers that used observation and reason to find causes for events
A famous Greek philosopher who taught by asking questions rather than reading his students the information (socratic method)
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato. Focused on the study of nature
student under Socrates, another greek philospher who taugh about human behavior, government, math, and astronomy
ancient egyptian scientist (astronomist) who said earth was the center of the universe
Greek Mathematician (Father of Geometry) who taught in Alexandria
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Greek mathematician and inventor; he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics. Estimated the value of pi.
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece
ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
writer of tragedies; wrote Oresteia; proposed the idea of having two actors and using props and costumes
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