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Literary Terms (End of Course Exam): Beyer
Terms in this set (65)
The use of human characteristics to describe animals, things, or ideas. Carl Sandburg's poem "Chicago" describes the city as "Stormy, husky, brawling, / City of the Big Shoulders."
A comparison of two things through the use of "like" or "as".
An excessive overstatement or conscious exaggeration of fact: "I've told you about it a million times already."
An image is a mental picture of a person, animal, or object summoned up by a word, phrase, or sentence.
A statement that seems absurd or even contradictory on its face but often expresses a deeper truth.
Similarities between elements in a a narrative (such as two characters or two plot lines).
Juxtaposition is a literary technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters, and their actions are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem, for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts.
Words, sounds, phrases, lines, or elements of syntax may repeat within a poem. Sometimes, repetition can enhance an element of meaning, but at other times it can dilute or dissipate meaning.
Chiasmus is a rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect.
The use of a statement that, by its context, implies its opposite.
A technique in which one understanding of a situation stands in sharp contrast to another, usually more prevalent, understanding of the same situation.
A technique in which the author lets the audience or reader in one character's situation while the character himself remains in the dark.
a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content, or even (as in the case of fiction) length.
a, b, a, b, c, d, c, d / e, f, e, f / g, g
Last two lines "g, g" talk about resolution, problem, or raises another question.
First four lines "a, b, a, b" talks about theme or problem.
Line Structure: a, b, a, b, b, c, b, c / c, d, c, d / e, e
Last two lines are called "Couplet"
Need to be a better rhymer.
Line Structure: a, b, b, a, a, b, b, a / c, d, e, c d, e
First eight lines = "Octet", last six lines = "sestet"
Final Tow lines: intensify problem, state another question, answer question.
Rhyme scheme is a poet's deliberate pattern of lines that rhyme with other lines in a poem or a stanza.
A verse consisting of 8 lines of iambic pentameter.
2 lines of poetry that usually rhyme.
A stanza of exactly 4 lines, often with an alternating rhyme pattern.
A three-lined stanza or poem that often contains a rhyme.
6 lines of poetry, or final 6 lines of Petrarchan Sonnet.
Its point of highest tension and drama, or it is the time when the action starts during which the solution is given.
Iamb / Iambic Foot
Iamb: a metrical foot consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable.
Iambic Foot: A foot is an iamb if it consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, so the word remark is an iamb.
Most widely used line in English metrical verse. Nicknamed the "sonnet line: Has 10 syllables, which is length of one normal human breath.
Example: upon those boughs which shake against the cold
A poem has lines ending with words that sound the same.
Example: burning bright, tyger tyger in the night.
a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.
A villanelle is a fixed form poem consisting of five tercets and a quatrain and also follows a specific rhyme scheme using only two different sounds. 19 lines.
A major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.
Metonym is a scary word for a not-so-scary concept. It's just a type of metaphor in which an object is used to describe something that's closely related to it.
characteristic relating to metaphor; figurative.
A meditative poem lamenting a death.
Spondee is a beat in a poetic line that consists of two accented syllables (stressed/stressed) or DUM-DUM stress pattern. Spondee is a poetic device that is not as common as other metrical feet, like iamb and trochee.
The trochee is a basic metrical unit called a foot consisting of two syllables. The trochee, though, begins with a stressed syllable, followed by an unstressed, or weak, syllable.
Slant Rhyme is a type of rhyme formed by words with similar but not identical sounds. In most instances, either the vowel segments are different while the consonants are identical, or vice versa.
Diction is word choice, or the style of speaking that a writer, speaker, or character uses.
Sibilance is a literary device where strongly stressed consonants are created deliberately by producing air from vocal tracts through the use of lips and tongue. Such consonants produce hissing sounds. ... Most of the times, the "s" sound is the sibilant.
Alliteration is a figure of speech and a stylistic literary device which is identified by the repeated sound of the first or second letter in a series of words, or the repetition of the same letter sounds in stressed syllables of a phrase.
Imagery is the literary term used for language and description that appeals to our five senses.
In poetry, the speaker is the voice behind the poem—the person we imagine to be saying the thing out loud.
A person who tells a story; in literature, the voice that an author takes on to tell a story
Three syllables; unstressed,; unstressed; unstressed
Enjambment refers to the practice of running lines of poetry from one to the next without using any kind of punctuation to indicate a stop
Epigram is a rhetorical device that is a memorable, brief, interesting, and surprising satirical statement.
oxymoron occurs when two contradictory words are together in one phrase.
A motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, a motif can help produce other narrative (or literary) aspects such as theme or mood.
tone is the way the author expresses his attitude through his writing.
Pathos is a quality of an experience in life, or a work of art, that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy, and sorrow.
analogy is a literary device that creates a relationship based on parallels or connections between two ideas.
requires a literary "device" that is persuasive when it functions effectively.
Sarcasm is a literary and rhetorical device that is meant to mock, often with satirical or ironic remarks, with a purpose to amuse and hurt someone, or some section of society, simultaneously.
a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase whose referent receives the direct action of a verb.
pertaining to the nature of idiosyncrasy, or something peculiar to an individual:
a deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion
Anecdote is defined as a short and interesting story, or an amusing event, often proposed to support or demonstrate some point, and to make the audience laugh. Anecdotes can include an extensive range of tales and stories.
a work of art intending to be meaningful on at least two levels of understanding: typically, a literal level and an abstract level.
Antithesis is used as a literary device to put two contrasting ideas together. This emphasizes the difference between the two ideas and adds interest to writing.
Understatement is a literary device in which a writer or speaker attributes less importance or conveys less passion than the subject would seem to demand. Understatement is often used for comic effect.
Overstatement is an act of stating something more profoundly than it actually is, in order to make the point more serious or important or beautiful. In literature, writers use overstatement as a literary technique for the sake of humor, and for laying emphasis on a certain point.
the use of informal words, phrases, or even slang in a piece of writing. Colloquial expressions tend to sneak in as writers, being part of a society, are influenced by the way people speak in that society.
Masculine Rhyme occurs when the rhyme is on the final syllable of the two rhyming words
Feminine Rhyme is a rhyme that matches two or more syllables, usually at the end of respective lines, in which the final syllable or syllabication are unstressed.
Point of View
refers to who is telling a story, or who is narrating it. The narration of a story or novel can be told in three main ways: first person, second person, and third person.
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