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Early Romantic Literature: Knickerbockers and New England School
Terms in this set (68)
Revolt against old values of Puritanism and Rationalism
When was the Sketch Book published
Pros of America
Revolution finished, political system beginning, economy settling, confidence growing
Cons of America
Sectionalism and provincialism
No longer colonies; now north and south
Regions literature considered inferior to another
Emphases of Romanticism
Individualism, imagination, and nature
Short story and novel
famous writer for short story
Famous writer for novel
Knickerbockers and New England School
location of Knickerbockers
Location of New England School
First American author to achieve international fame, first professional man of letters, helped establish independent american literary tradition.
Traveled often, friend of Charles Dickens, Contributed the short story.
Named after George Washington, youngest of 11 children, grew up in NYC, wrote for brother's newspaper @ 20.
reason for The Sketch book
Rip Van Winkle and Legend of Sleepy Hollow
Irving's most famous stories
Pen name for Irving
Famous British teller of tales
Person who tells the tales of Rip Van Winkle
Grew up in Cooperstown, NY, wealthy prominent family
Baseball Hall of Fame
Lived near Lake Otsego, grew up with Indians
Went to Yale and got expelled, joined the Navy, became head of family business.
Became first American novelist, wrote first american sea novels, wrote over thirty novels, writing was a dare from his wife.
Became a diplomat
Written by Cooper; Imitation of Jane Austen; written within six months of wife's dare
Written by Cooper; first successful novel; brought fame and wealth
Frontier adventure series written by Cooper
Hero is Natty Bumbo who's other names are Deerslayer, Hawkeye, and Pathfinder
Common man, harmony with nature, and romanticized Native Americans
Romantic traits for Cooper's frontier novels.
Ancestors go all the way back to the Mayflower; had a huge head
Dad was a doctor with a huge library; mom was a devout Christian, read extensively as a child, serious about educational and cultural development.
first piece published @ 13 anonymously- "The Embargo"; first american poet to be recognized internationally; Father of American journalism and criticism; Editor of the NY evening post for 49 years.
Unitarian (atheist), Romanticist; Free Soil Party, helped organize Republican Party.
Wrote Thanatopsis and To a Water Foul
Meditation on death; most popular; famous opening line; structured like Puritan sermon; Rationalistic and Pagan; nature is focus
To a Waterfoul
written at age 21 while facing a problem; uses apostrophe; affirmation of instincts, incoperates nature, individualism and imagination, deistic, slightly didactic.
Bowdin Collage, Harvard language professor; wife dies in Holland; Remarried Frances who dies 20 yrs later in a fire.
first american to be honored in Poet's corner memorial, honorary degree
Translated by Longfellow
Evangeline, Song of Hiawatha (Indian Brave), and Courtship of Miles Standish
Epic-length works written by Longfellow
Halfway up the road
Helped abolitionist party and republican party
Written by Whittier. The title means "the glory has departed." This poem is a dirge in disillusionment over Daniel Webster's speech in support of the Compromise of 1850.
Biblical allusion of Eli's sons and Noah's sons
Whittier; first day = Sunday
goodness inside of you guides your intuition; listen to heart
Abolitionist; Editor of Atlantic Monthly
premier American periodical for 150 years.
Harvard language professor, wrote political and social satires, wrote humorous poetry, wrote didactic
Fable for critics
written by Lowell where he criticized his contemporaries
shows good qualities but is marred by lack of unity
shows merit but lacks warmth and ability to inspire
good poetry but "the heart seems squeezed out by the mind"
Verse is hampered by a desire to preach
written by Lowell and uses dialect of New England
Shy guy is calling on a shy girl
written by Lowell, uses nature to teach a lesson about man's pride; foolish to think that God is a big man
Son went to become a supreme court justice; forsook religious heritage; attacked Edwards
Brief career in law, Boston practice and professional in medicine for 35 years
Poetry that Homes wrote
Holmes; stop dismantling of USS Constitution
Holmes; work hard, achieve more