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Terms in this set (23)
"Join or Die"
famous cartoon drawn by Ben Franklin which encouraged the colonies to join in fighting the British during the French and Inddian War
1763 Paris Peace Treaty
after the French and Indian War: French power thrown off continent of N. America, retained sugar islands in West Indies but ceded all trans-Mississippi Louisiana to Spain
French settlers in Canada expelled by the British; many exported to the southern French colony of Louisiana, where they came to be known as Cajuns
a gathering in Albany, New York of colonial representatives who met from June 19-July 10, 1754 to develop a treaty with Native Americans and plan the defense of the colonies against France. It ended with little accomplished. They sent the Iroquois chieftains away loaded with gifts in return for halfhearted promises of support.
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
Battle of Quebec
Wolfe's army scaled the cliff walls of a part
protecting Quebec, met French troops near the Plains of Abraham, and in a battle in which he and French commander Marquis de Montcalm both
died, the French were defeated and the city of Quebec surrendered
led the Albany Congress, strove for colonial unity
coureurs de bois
literally runners of the woods; French beaver hunters and fur traders
Fort Duquesne/Fort Necessity
George Washington's battles; Encountering some Frenchmen in the forest about 40 miles from Fort Duquesne, the troops opened fire, killing the French leader; Later, the French returned and surrounded Washington's hastily constructed Fort Necessity, fought "Indian style" (hiding and guerilla fighting), and after a 10-hour siege, made him surrender
French & Indian War
war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley; English defeated French; established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse
British commander during the French and Indian War; attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755,defeated by the French and the Indians
21 year-old, sent by the Virginia governor to the Ohio country as a lieutenant colonel in command of about 150 Virginia minutemen.
British general whose success in the Battle of Quebec won Canada for the British Empire. Even though the battle was only fifteen minutes, he was killed in the line of duty.
Marquis de Montcalm
French general defeated at the Battle of Quebec
New Englanders captured the important fort in this city, located on Cape Breton Island
one of the places gained by the British in the aftermath of the French/Indian War
Ohio River Valley
more land gained in the French/Indian War; however, Americans were prohibited from settling here due to the Proclamation of 1763
Plains of Abraham
battlefield of the Battle of Quebec
Ottawa Chief Pontiac led a few French-allied tribes in a brief but bloody campaign through the Ohio Valley, but the whites quickly and cruelly retaliated after being caught off guard
Proclamation of 1763
English law enacted after gaining territory from the French at the end of the French and Indian War. It forbade the colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains; caused the first major revolt against the British.
Seven Years' War
England and Prussia vs. France, Spain, Austria, and Russia; coincided with the French/Indian ar in the Americas
War of Jenkin's Ear
English Captain named Jenkins had his ear cut off by a Spanish commander, who had essentially sneered at him to go home crying; war was confined to the Caribbean Sea and Georgia
British leader; leader in the London government, and earned himself the name, "Organizer of Victory". He led and won a war against Quebec. Pittsburgh was named after him
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