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STAAR Review 5 - Civil War and Reconstruction (1860-77)

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Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States during the Civil War. (Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg Address)
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America. Inaugural address proclaimed States' Rights.
Ulysses S. Grant
Commanding Union General - won major victories for the Union (Shiloh and Vicksburg) - defeated Lee's troops in Virginia and accepted Lee's surrender at the Appomattox Courthouse in 1865.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General - commander of the Norther Army of Virginia - respected by Northerners and loved by white Southerners - won early victories and invaded the north twice and lost both times (at Antietam and Gettysburg) surrendered at Appomattox
Emancipation Proclamation
freed all the slaves in the Southern States, was issued on January 1st 1863
William Carney
1st African-American awarded the medal of honor while serving the 54th Massachusetts Regiment during the Civil War. Held the flag at Fort Wagner.
Philip Bazaar
Navy Seaman who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his valor in the Battle of Fort Fisher of the American Civil War
Fort Sumter
fort in South Carolina, where first shots of the American civil war were fired. Before the federal fort could be resupplied the Confederate forces fired upon it and the civil war began.
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North succeeded in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest one-day battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
Siege of Vicksburg
Important Union victory, Confederate forces lose control of the Mississippi River and the South is split in two by North (Union)
Battle of Gettysburg
The bloodiest battle of the war. The turning point of the war. Southern attempt to invade the North at Pennsylvania failing disastrously on the third day of fighting at Pickett's Charge. The South would be on the defensive for the remainder of the war and Abraham Lincoln would give the Gettysburg Address to dedicate a portion of the battlefield as a cemetery to the soldiers who died there.
Appomattox Courthouse
Lee Surrenders. The Civil is over. , April 1865., the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War
13th Amendment
Provided freedom for the slaves
14th Amendment
Gave citizenship to all slaves
15th Amendment
Allowed all former slaves (male slaves) the right to vote
Hiram Rhodes Revels
American clergyman and educator who became the first black citizen to be elected to the U.S. Senate (1870-1871) during Reconstruction. He performed competently in office, advocating desegregation in the schools and on the railroads.
Andrew Johnson
Abraham Lincoln's vice-president who upon Lincoln's death assumes the presidency and presides over it during Reconstruction.
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