Militant abolitionist who led the raid at Harper's Ferry
John C. Calhoun
Vice President of the U.S.; created a doctrine of nullification which said that a state could decide if a law was unconstitutional
Politician known as the "Great Compromiser" Created the Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850 and the compromise that ended the nullification crisis
Reformer who fought to improve the care of the mentally ill
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Writer and poet; popularized the idea of transcendentalism
invented the cotton gin
John Peter Zenger
Journalist; his trial helped establish the idea of freedom of the press
John Quincy Adams
6th President of the U.S.; member of the Senate who favored nationalism over states rights and opposed the pro slavery views of John C. Calhoun
Representative and Senator in the Congress. Known for his debates against Haynes and Calhoun on the topics of states rights and nullification.
7th President; hero of the Battle of New Orleans (war of 1812) began a new style of American politics "Jacksonian Democracy"; ordered the "Trail of Tears" and supported the power of the national government
John James Audobon
Painter of birds and other wildlife. Authored birds of America which remains the most comprehensive presentation of American birds today.
Inventor of the telegraph
Inventor of the steel plow
born in Chile was the first Hispanic-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in the assault of Fort Fisher during the Civil War.
A soldier in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. First African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor in the assault on Fort Wagner during the Civil War.