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Sociology 2110 Test 4
Terms in this set (52)
when racial and ethnic groups cooperate while still remaining their distinctive identities and lifestyles. In some cases, it reflects on tolerance and accommodation on the part of the dominant groups, or their attempts to promote ethnic diversity to maintain power by a system of divide and rule
a process in which minority groups lose their distinctive identities and conform to cultural patterns of the dominant groups
oversimplified ideas about a group or a social category; generalizations or assumptions about the characteristics of a group or an individual
categories of people set apart from others because of socially defined physical characteristics
a socially constructed category about a group of people based on generalized physical features, such as skin color, hair types, shape of eyes, etc
a category of people set apart from others because of distinctive customs and lifestyles
statues based on cultural heritage and shared "feelings of peoplehood"
preconceived notions about a category of people; it is an attitude
unequal treatment of people because of their group membership; it is an action
the deliberate and systematic elimination of minority group members
socially constructed understanding of what constitutes masculinity and femininity
the social and cultural expectations associated with a person's sex
acknowledging ones' sense of being male or female, both or neither; the internal identity may or may not be expressed outwardly, and not correspond to one's physical characteristics
the manner in which a person outwardly represents their gender, regardless of the physical characteristics that might typically define them as male or female
a person who does not identify with any gender
a man who is emotionally, romantically, sexually, affectionately and relationally attracted to other men
describes an individual who is unsure about their sexual orientation or gender identity
describes individuals who have a lack of sex drive or interest in sex
sexual attraction to partners of the same sex
sexual attraction to partners of the opposite sex
refers to an individual born with the anatomy or physiology that differs from societal ideals of female or male
a woman who is emotionally, romantically, sexually, affectionately, and relationally attracted to other women
a person who is sexually attracted to and/or has sex with both men and women
term used to describe people who do not identify as heterosexual; it has taken on a negative connotation when used by someone not a part of the LGBTQ community
an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, affectional and relational attraction to another person
refers to individuals who have been assigned a gender, but identity as the "opposite" gender. these individuals biologically assigned sex does not match their mental and emotional conception of self. this person may never go through sexual reassignment surgery
term for individuals whose biologically assigned sex matched their mental and emotional conception of self
generally men who adopt the identity of women through dress and behavior. they are mostly heterosexual men with fetishes for female clothing. there are women throughout history who have adopted the clothing styles of men in order to gain access to education or the military
Transvestite (additional definition)
a person who dressed as the binary opposite gender expression for any one of many reasons, including relaxation, fun, and sexual stratification; often called a "cross-dresser" and often confused with transsexual
denoting or relating to a world view that promotes heterosexuality as the normal or preferred sexual orientation
discrimination or prejudice against homosexuals on the assumption that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation
an extreme and irrational aversion to homosexuality and homosexual people
A historical perspective on sex and society, show that individual and group views are often guided by...
religious teachings and cultural values
Examples of religious teachings and cultural values
a) condemning sex outside of marriage
b) men in certain cultures can have more than one wife while the first wife cannot seek a divorce because of religious teachings
c) western cultures share a common belief that women have little interest in sex
d) in Inuit cultures, female sexual desire is considered on par with that of men
T/F: People are largely monogamous
What percent had one or zero sexual partners a year?
How many partners does the average man have?
How many partners does the average woman have?
T/F: Married couples have more sex than single couples
What were the 60s and 70s defined as?
a time of free love
How many women report that they always have an orgasm during sex?
What percent of women have been forced to sexual things by a man?
What percent of men admitted to having forced themselves on a woman?
Individuals who are more likely to have negative attitudes toward homosexual/bisexual are those who:
a) are men, older, less educated
b) attend religious services
c) live in the south or midwest
d) reside in rural areas or small towns
e) have limited contact with gay/lesbian individuals
In the discussion of GLBT lifestyles, the focus is most often on...
the concept of sexual orientation itself rather than looking at the characteristics of gay/lesbian couples
Gay/lesbian individuals, who have struggled with acknowledging and being accepted, often develop personal strengths beneficial to their relationships:
-lesbian copules have higher levels of cohesion, flexibility and satisfaction when compared to heterosexual couples
-higher emotional connection with partner and others
-egalitarian decision making
-more psychologically perceptive
-effective communication skills
the institutionalized process of systematically teaching certain cognitive skills and knowledge and transmitting them from one generation to the next
the process by which culture is passed from one generation to the next. wile family is the initial agent of socialization, in most cultures this responsibility is relinquished to the schools early in a child's life
-teaching the knowledge and skills necessary for the successful fulfillment of future roles and statuses
-teach survival skills, sex roles and the oral history and traditions of the tribe or village
Factory Method of Education
prepared not only for a successful school experience but also do adult work roles in factories, corporation and other bureaucratic settings
Education for assimilation, desegregation and americanization
teaching patriotism, nationalism, basic american values and sharing a common academic curriculum
Latent functions of education
preschool and kindergarten are the largest day care facilities in the country; middle and high schools reinforce norms related to adolescence; college and university campuses also serve a large dating and marriage markets
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