28 terms

Private Pilot Oral Exam 1 -- Certificate and Documents

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What are the eligibility requirements for a private pilot (airplane) certificate
a. Be at least 17 years of age
b. Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language
c. Hold a US student pilot certificate, sport pilot certificate, or recreational pilot certificate
d. Hold at least a current 3rd class medical certificate
e. Received the required ground and flight training endorsements
f. Meet the applicable aeronautical experience requirements
g. Passed the required knowledge and practical tests
What privileges and limitations apply to a private pilot
No person who holds a private pilot certificate may act as a PIC of an aircraft that is carrying passengers or property for compensation or hire; nor may that person, for compensation or hire, act as PIC of an aircraft.
A private pilot --
a. may act as PIC of an aircraft in connection with any business or employment if it is only incidental to that business or employment and does not carry passengers or property for compensation or hire
b. may not pay less than the pro rata share of the operating expenses of a flight with passengers, provided the expenses involve only fuel, oil, airport expenditures, or rental fees
c. may act as PIC of a charitable, nonprofit, or community event flight described in 14 CFR 91.146, if the sponsor and pilot comply with the requirements of that regulation
d. may be reimbursed for aircraft operating expenses that are directly related to search and location operations, provided the expenses involve only fuel, oil, airport expenditures, or rental fees, and the operation is sanctioned and under the direction and control of local, state or federal agencies or organizations that conduct search and location operations.
e. may demonstrate an aircraft in flight to a prospective buyer if the private pilot is an aircraft salesman and has at least 200 hours of logged flight time
f. may act as PIC of an aircraft towing a glider or unpowered ultralight vehicle, provided they meet the requirements of 14 CFR 61.69
g. may act as PIC for a purpose of conducting a production flight test in a light-sport aircraft intended for certification in the light-sport category, provided they meet the requirements of 14 CFR 61.113(h)
To act as a required pilot flight crewmember of a civil aircraft, what must a pilot have in his/her physical possession or readily accessible in the aircraft
a. A pilot certificate
b. A photo ID
c. A medical certificate
What is the definition of a high-performance airplane
A high performance airplane is an airplane with an engine of more than 200 HP
What is the definition of a complex airplane
A complex airplane is defined as an airplane that has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and a controllable pitch propeller, including airplanes equipped with a full-authority digital engine control (FADEC)
What types of aircraft require specific training and logbook endorsements from an appropriately rated flight instructor
a. High performance
b. Complex
c. High altitude (service ceiling or maximum operating altitude above 25,000 ft AGL)
d. Tailwheel
With respect to certification, privileges, and limitations of airmen, define the terms: "Category", "Class", and "Type".
Category - a broad classification of aircraft, i.e. airplane, rotorcraft, glider, etc
Class - a classification of aircraft within a category having similar operating characteristics, i.e. single-engine land, multi-engine land, etc
Type - a specific make and basic model of aircraft including modifications that do not change its handling or flight characteristics, i.e. DC-9, B-737, C-150, etc
What are the requirements to remain current as a private pilot?
a. Within the preceding 24 months, accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by an authorized instructor and received a logbook endorsement certifying that the person has satisfactorily completed the review
b. To carry passengers, a pilot must have made, within the preceding 90 days --
three takeoffs and landings as the sole manipulator of flight controls of an aircraft of the same category and class and, if a type rating is required, of the same type
if the aircraft is a tailwheel airplane, the landings must have been made to a full stop in an airplane with a tailwheel
if operations are to be conducted during the period beginning 1 hour after sunset and ending 1 hour before sunrise, with passengers on board, the PIC must have, within the preceding 90 days, made at least three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop during that period in an aircraft of the same category, class, and type (if a type is required) of aircraft to be used
To exercise the privileges of a private pilot certificate, what medical certificate is required, and how long is it valid?
A 3rd class medical certificate is required.
The medical certificate expires at the end of the last day of --
a. the 60th month after the month of the date of examination shown on the certificate, if on the date of your most recent medical examination you were under the age of 40
b. the 24th month after the month of the date of examination shown on the certificate, if on the date of your most recent medical examination you were over the age of 40
If a pilot changes his/her permanent mailing address and fails to notify the FAA Airmen Certification branch of the new address, how long may the pilot continue to exercise the privileges of his/her pilot certificate
30 days after the date of the move
What documents are required on board an aircraft prior to flight
A -- airworthiness certificate
R -- registration certificate
O -- owner's manual or operating limitations
W -- weight and balance data
How can a pilot determine if his/her aircraft is equipped with a Mode C altitude encoding transponder
By referencing the current weight and balance equipment list for that aircraft, a pilot could positively determine whether or not a Mode C transponder is installed
Does an aircraft's registration certificate have an expiration date
Yes. As of Oct. 1, 2010, specific registration expiration dates have been established for all aircraft registered before Oct. 1, 2010. Those aircraft require re-registration according to a specific schedule. All initial aircraft registrations issued on or after Oct. 1, 2010, will expire three years after the last day of the month in which they were issued.
Who is responsible for ensuring that an aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining an aircraft in an airworthy condition
After aircraft inspections have been made and defects have been repaired, who is responsible for determining that the aircraft is in an airworthy condition
The PIC of a civil aircraft is responsible for determining whether that aircraft is in condition for safe flight. The PIC shall discontinue the flight when unairworthy mechanical, electrical, or structural conditions occur
What records or documents should be checked to determine that the owner or operator of an aircraft has complied with all required inspections and airworthiness directives
The maintenance records (aircraft and engine logbooks). Each owner or operator of an aircraft shall ensure that maintenance personnel make appropriate entries in the aircraft maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service
What regulations apply concerning the operation of an aircraft that has had alterations or repairs which may have substantially affected its operation in flight
No person may operate or carry passengers in any aircraft that has undergone maintenance, preventative maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration that may have appreciably changed its flight characteristics or substantially affected its operation in flight until an appropriately rated pilot with at least a private pilot certificate
a. flies the aircraft
b. makes an operational check of the maintenance performed or alteration made
c, logs the flight in the aircraft records
What is an Airworthiness Certificate and how long does it remain valid
An Airworthiness Certificate is issued by the FAA only after the aircraft has been inspected and found to meet the requirements of 14 CFR Part 21, and is in a condition for safe operation. Under any circumstances, the aircraft must meet the requirements of the original type certificate. The certificate must be displayed in the aircraft so that it is legible to passengers or crew whenever the aircraft is operated, and it may be transferred with the aircraft except when sold to a foreign purchaser. Standard Airworthiness Certificates remain in effect as long as the aircraft receives the required maintenance and is properly registered in the US
Can a pilot conduct flight operations in an aircraft with known inoperative equipment
Yes, under specific conditions. 14 CFR Part 91 describes acceptable methods for the operation of an aircraft with certain inoperative instruments and equipment that are not essential for safe flight -- they are
a. Operation of aircraft with a Minimum Equipment List (MEL), as authorized by 14 CFR 91.213 (a)
b. Operation of aircraft without a MEL under 14 CFR 91.213 (d)
What are MELs
The MEL is a precise listing of instruments, equipment, and procedures that allows an aircraft to be operated under specific conditions with inoperative equipment. The MEL is the specific inoperative equipment document for a particular make and model aircraft by serial and registration numbers; e.g. BE-200, N12345. The FAA-approved MEL includes only those items of equipment that the FAA deems may be inoperative and still maintain an acceptable level of safety with appropriate conditions and limitations.
What limitations apply to aircraft operations conducted using the deferral provision of 14 CFR 91.213 (d)
When inoperative equipment is found during preflight or prior to departure, the decision should be to cancel the flight, obtain maintenance prior to flight, or to defer the item or equipment. Maintenance deferrals are not used for inflight discrepancies. The manufacturer's AFM/POH procedures are to be used in those situations
What limitations apply to aircraft operations being conducted using MELs
The use of an MEL for a small, non-turbine-powered airplane operated under Part 91 allows for the deferral of inoperative items or equipment. The FAA considers an approved MEL to be a supplemental type certificate (STC) issued to an aircraft by serial number and registration number. Once an operator requests an MEL, and a Letter of Authorization (LOA) is issued by the FAA, then the MEL becomes mandatory for that airplane. All maintenance deferrals must be done in accordance with the MEL and the operator-generated procedures document
What are the procedures to follow when using 14 CFR 91.213 (d) for deferral of inoperative equipment
The pilot determines whether the inoperative equipment is required by type design, the regulations, or Airworthiness Directives (ADs). If the inoperative item is not required, and the airplane can be safely operated without it, the deferral may be made. Then the pilot removes or deactivates the inoperative item, and places an INOPERATIVE placard near the appropriate switch, control, or indicator.
If deactivation or removal involves maintenance (removal always will), it must be accomplished by certificated maintenance personnel. For example, if the position lights (installed equipment) were discovered to be inoperative prior to a daytime flight, the pilot would be follow the requirements of section 91.213 (d).
What are the required maintenance inspections for aircraft
a. Annual inspection -- within the preceding 12 calendar months
b. 100- hour inspection -- if carry any person )other than a crew member) for hire or giving flight instruction for hire
If an aircraft is operated for hire it must have a 100-hour inspection as well as an annual inspection when due. If not operated for hire, it must have an annual inspection only
If an aircraft has been on a schedule of inspection every 100 hours, under what condition may it continue to operate beyond the 100 hours without a new inspection
The 100 hour limitation may be exceeded by not more than 10 hours while en route to a place where the inspection can be done. The excess time used to reach a place where the inspection can be done must be included in computing the next 100 hours of time in service.
What is the difference between an annual inspection and a 100-hour inspection
No differences exist when comparing the content of an annual inspection with that of a 100-hour inspection. The difference is who is allowed to perform these inspections. Only an A&P mechanic with an Inspection Authorization can perform an annual inspection. 100-hour inspections may be performed by any A&P mechanic (no IA required)
Be capable of locating the required maintenance and equipment inspections for your aircraft in the aircraft and engine logbooks. What should these include
A -- Annual inspection and applicable ADs complied with, every 12 calendar months
V -- VOR check, if used for IFR, every 30 days
1 -- 100-hour inspection, if used for hire or flight instruction
A -- Altimeter, altitude reporting equipment, and static pressure systems tested and inspected (for IFR ops), every 24 calendar months
T -- Transponder tests and inspections, every 24 calendar months
E -- Emergency locator transmitter, operation and battery condition inspected every 12 calendar months
What are some of the responsibilities an aircraft owner has pertaining to aircraft documents, maintenance and inspections of their aircraft
a. Have a current Airworthiness Certificate and Aircraft Registration in the aircraft
b. Maintain the aircraft in an airworthy condition including compliance with all applicable Airworthiness Directives.
c. Ensure maintenance is properly recorded
d. Keep abreast of current regulations concerning the operation of that aircraft
e. Notify the FAA Civil Aviation Registry immediately of any change of permanent mailing address, or of the sale or export of the aircraft, or of the loss of citizenship
f. Have a current FCC radio station license if equipped with radios, including emergency locator transmitter (ELT), if operated outside of the US