Terms in this set (28)
System of government in which the monarch has unlimited power over the government.
The belief that God gave monarchs the right to absolute power.
To divide up.
System of government in which the laws in the constitution limit the monarch's or emperor's powers.
Rights that belong to all people at birth.
Separation of Powers
The theory of dividing government power between more than one branch of government.
An unwritten agreement between people and their government that assumes rights and duties for each.
To explain, give the meaning of.
Partition of Poland
This was the splitting up of Poland by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
Cooperated with Parliament, believed in the divine right of kings.
Did not cooperate with Parliament, believed in the divine right of kings.
English Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England.
After the execution of Charles I...
England became a republic and no future monarch could claim absolute power in England.
English Parliament's vote to return power back to the monarchy.
Argued that natural rights belonged to people from birth. If a government fails to protect natural rights, the people have the right to rebel.
Believed in separation of powers as a way to have checks and balances in government.
Tolerance in the Enlightenment
Best described in the following quote: "We should regard all men as our brothers"
English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women.
French king who personified absolute monarchy.
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War.
William of Orange
Dutch prince invited to be king of England after The Glorious Revolution.
Why did Peter the Great visit Western Europe?
To get ideas for modernizing Russia.
Louis XIV and the Palace of Versailles
Louis XIV wanted to show off his power and prestige and he spent a lot of money on the arts.
The best way for a nation to become wealthy is to allow free trade.
Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution
Changes in scientific thought led to changes in philosophy and it was possible to question the old ways of doing things.
Enlightenment and the United States
John Lockes philosophies greatly influenced Thomas Jefferson and the "social contract" theory led to a republican form of government in the US.
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