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Module 4: Research Strategies
Terms in this set (24)
A tendency to search for information that confirms a preconception.
A research method in which the researcher manipulates and controls certain variables to observe the effect on other variables.
A sample that fairly represents a poulation because each member of the population has an equal chance of being included.
A research technique that follows the same group of individuals over a long period.
The entire group of people about whom you would like to know something.
To repeat the essence of a research study to see whether the results can be reliably reproduced.
An inactive pill that has no known effect.
A research procedure in which both the data collectors and the research participants do not know the expected outcome of the experiment.
A research technique that questions a sample of people to collect information about their attributes or behaviors.
independent variable (IV)
The variable that the researcher will actively manipulate an, if the hypothesis is correct, will cause a change in the dependent variable.
dependent variable (DV)
The variable that should show the effect of the independent variable.
The participants in an experiment who are exposed to the independent variable.
The participants in an experiment who are not exposed to the independent variable.
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occuring situations without manipulating or controlling the situation.
A tendency for research participants to behave a certain way because they know they are being observed or they believe they know what the researcher wants.
A testable prediction about the outcome of research.
A procedure for creating groups that allows the researcher to control for individual differences among research participants.
A research project strategy that investigates the degree to which two variables are related to each other.
A research technique that compares individuals from different age groups at one time.
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions.
A research technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles.
In an experiment, a variable other than the independent variable that could produce a change in the dependent variable.
A method of learning about the world through the application of critical thinking and tools such as observation, experiment, and statistical analysis.
An explanation of the exact procedures used to make a variable specific and measurable for research purposes.
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