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71 terms

Ety Chapter Three

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apiary (n.)
place where bees are kept
aviary (n.)
place where birds are kept
badger (v.)
tease, annoy, nag (originally to harass a trapped badger)
halcyon (adj.)
calm, peaceful (form halcyon, a bird thought to calm the waves)
lionize (v.)
treat as highly important
menagerie (n.)
place where animals are kept and trained, collection of wild animals
molt (v.)
shed feathers, skin, hair, etc.
ornithology (n.)
study of birds
parasite (n.)
animal, plant, or person living on others , freeloader
parasitic (adj.)
living at the expense of another, sponging
parrot (v.)
repeat mechanically, like a parrot (tropical bird that imitates human speech)
scavenger (n.)
animal or person removing refuse, decay, etc.
antidote (n.)
remedy for a poison or evil
astringent (n.)
substance that shrinks tissues and checks the flow blood
astringent (adj.)
1. severe, stern 2. causing contraction
benign (adj.)
1. not dangerous (ant. malignant) 2. gentle, kindly
convalesce (v.)
recover health after illness, recuperate
convalescent (n.)
person recovering from sickness
fester (v.)
form pus, rankle, rot, putrefy
hypochondriac (n.)
one who is morbidly anxious about personal health, or suffering from imagined illness
immunity (n.)
1. resistance (to a disease) 2. freedom (as from an obligation), exemption
immunize (v.)
make immune (e.g., resistant to a disease)
lesion (n.)
injury, hurt
malignant (adj.)
1. threatening to cause death (ant. benign) 2. very evil
morbid (adj.)
1. gruesome 2. having to do with disease
pestilential (adj.)
1. morally harmful 2. pertaining to a pestilence (plague), deadly
regimen (n.)
set of rules, esp. to improve health
salubrious (adj.)
healthful
sebaceous (adj.)
greasy, secreting sebum (fatty matter secreted by the glands of the skin)
therapeutic (adj.)
curative
toxic (adj.)
poisonous
unguent (n.)
salve, ointment
viral (adj.)
caused by a virus
virulent (adj.)
1. extremely poisonous, deadly, venomous 2. very bitter
virus (n.)
1. disease-causing substance too small to be seen through a microscope 2. corruptive force
acclaim (v.)
welcome with approval, applaud loudly
encomium (n.)
speech or writing of high praise, tribute, eulogy, panegyric
eulogize (v.)
praise, extol, laud, glorify (ant. vilify)
kudos (n.)
fame or praise due to achievement
laudable (adj.)
praiseworthy, commendable
laudatory (adj.)
expressing praise, eulogistic
plaudit (n.)
(used mainly in the plural) applause, enthusiastic praise, acclaim
calumnious (adj.)
falsely and maliciously accusing, defamatory, slanderous
derogatory (adj.)
expressing low esteem, belittling, disparaging (ant. complimentary)
imputation (n.)
charge, esp. an unjust or false charge, insinuation, accusation
libel (n.)
false defamatory printed (or written) statement
libelous (adj.)
injurious to reputation, defamatory, calumnious
malign (v.)
speak evil of, vilify, treduce
slander (n.)
false and defamatory spoken statement, calumny
stigma (n.)
mark of disgrace
stigmatize (v.)
brand with a mark of disgrace
banter (n.)
playful teasing, joking, raillery
caricature (n.)
drawing, imitation, or description that ridiculously exaggerates peculiarities or defects
droll (adj.)
odd and laughter-provoking
facetious (adj.)
1. in the habit of joking 2. said in jest without serious intent
flippant (adj.)
treating serious matter lightly
harlequin (n.)
buffoon, clown
hilarious (adj.)
boisterously merry, very funny
hilarity (n.)
noisy gaiety, mirth, jollity, glee
ironic or ironical (adj.)
containing or expressing irony
irony (n.)
1. species of humor whose intended meaning is the opposite of the words used 2. state of affairs contrary to what would normally be expected
jocose (adj.)
given to jesting, playfully humorous, jocular
levity (n.)
lack of proper seriousness, trifling gaiety, frivolity
ludicrous (adj.)
exciting laughter, ridicuolus, farcical, absurd
parody (n.)
humorous imitation
sarcasm (n.)
sneering and often ironic language intended to hurt a peron's feelings
sarcastic (adj.)
given to or expressing sarcasm
sardonic (adj.)
bitterly sarcastic, mocking, sneering
satire (n.)
language or writitng that exposes follies or abuses by holding them up to ridicule
satiric or satirical (adj.)
given to or expressing satire
travesty (n.)
imitation that makes a serious thing seem ridiculous, mockery