11 terms

Speech Act Theory

STUDY
PLAY
semantics
meaning of things
Whorfian Hypothesis
one's language determines one's conception of the wolrd
Syntactics
rules that govern how utterances are structured
how sentences are structured, grammar rules
pragmatics
how a certain comm situation might lead to a certain type of utterance
utterance
words strung together
locutionary act
propositional act
saying of an understandable utterance
illocutionary act
speech is action - speech leads to action
"Is there any salt?" guy gets salt
types of illocutionary acts
assertives = speech acts that commit a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition "It's raining" must be true

directives = speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action, e.g. requests, commands and advice

commissives = speech acts that commit a speaker to some future action, e.g. promises and oaths

expressives = speech acts that express on the speaker's attitudes and emotions towards the proposition, e.g. congratulations, excuses and thanks

declarations = speech acts that change the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration, e.g. baptisms, pronouncing someone guilty or pronouncing someone husband and wife
perlocutionary act
its psychological consequences, such as persuading, convincing, scaring, enlightening, inspiring, or otherwise getting someone to do or realize something
constitutive rules
determine the way things must be, and derive from insight into their nature
regulative rules
maxims of thought, deriving from our interest in 'a certain possible perfection' of knowledge of an object
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