Old Testament Semester Final
Terms in this set (197)
Sabbatical year vs. Jubilee year
Sabbatical year: Every 7 years you give the land a rest
Jubilee year: Every 50 years you return land and release slaves/laborers
Clean vs. Unclean animals
Clean animals don't have divided hooves and don't chew cud
A count of the people
In charge of protecting and moving the tabernacle
Scouts - How many?
Scouts - Who were they?
A representative from each tribe
Scouts - What did they do?
They scouted the area up ahead
Scouts - Where did they go?
Into the highlands and the area up ahead
Scouts - Why did they go?
To see if the land ahead was promising
What were the duties of the Levites?
To protect and move the tabernacle
Who was in charge of the tabernacle?
What complaints were made by the Israelites?
They wanted meat, water, and a new leader
What happened in the Israelites first attempt to invade Canaan?
They were defeated badly and forced to retreat
How did the Israelites recover from snake bites?
By looking at the bronze snake
Why were Moses and Aaron were denied entrance to the Promised Land?
They showed they didn't trust God when Moses struck a rock twice to make water flow from it
Who was Israelites new leader? Who made it to the promised land?
Joshua and everyone 19 and younger
Who gives a farewell address?
Who is Joshua? What did he do? How old was he when he died?
The new leader of the Israelites, he conquered lots of land, he was 110 years old
What is a ban?
All living things killed, all possessions burned, all precious items dedicated to God
What were the items the Israelites could not destroy and what did they do with them?
Precious metals, they put them in The treasury
Know the story of Rahab and the spies.
Rahab was a prostitute. In exchange for safety of her and her family, she hid the spies on her roof
What actions did the Israelites do to overtake Jericho? What are the details of their marches each of the days?
For 6 days they made one circle around Jericho while carrying the Ark and had 7 priests blowing horns.
For the 7th day, they marched around 7 times blowing into horns and blasting sound
What happened at Jericho that caused God to withdraw his support of Israel during their attack on Ai? What was the name of the individual who sinned?
Someone kept bounty they was supposed to be put in the treasury. Achan
How many Israelites died during their first attack?
36 Israelites died
What did Joshua do to the King of Ai?
He hung him
What group tricked Joshua into an alliance with them?
What did God use to kill the Amorites? What happened to the Sun on the day of the great battle?
He used falling rocks. The sun didn't set.
On what does the success of Israel's future depend?
If they follow God and his commandments
List the names of the Major Judges (6 Major Judges):
Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Samson, and Jephthah
List the names of the Minor Judges (6 Minor Judges):
Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
What did Israel fail to do in Chapter 2?
They failed to pass on the faith and to obey God's Commandments
What was their punishment?
God stopped helping them
Who was the only female Judge?
What are the names of the two pagan gods that Israel worshipped?
Dagon and Baal
How many cycles of sin are there?
Draw the cycle of sin.
Sin -> Punishment -> Supplication -> Judge -> Delivered & Peace (cycle repeats)
What was Gideon doing when God called him?
Beating out wheat in the wine press
Who was Gideon's son?
What did Gideon's son do that the people did not like?
He ruled by force and tried to kill all of his brothers
What was Jephthath's vow? What happened because of the vow?
He promised that the next person to walk out of his house he would kill and then next person was his daughter
What was Samson's job.
To kill the Philistines
Who did Samson marry?
A Philistine woman from Timnah
Who does Samson fall in love with?
What gave Samson his great strength?
How did Samson lose his strength?
They cut his hair
How did Samson die?
When he destroyed a Philistine temple and it fell on him
What did the Israelites really want in order to be like everyone else?
What happens in the final verse of the Book of Judges?
It says that there was no king so everyone did what they thought was best
How many chapters are in the Book of Ruth?
What happened to Naomi's family?
Her husband and sons die
What does Naomi tell her daughters-in-law to do when their husbands die?
To go back to their mothers and homeland
Who stays with Naomi?
What tribe is Ruth from?
Who is Ruth's second husband's name?
What was the name of Ruth's child?
Who does Obed become the father of?
Who does Jesse become the father of?
What does Jesse's son become for Israel?
What is wrong with Hannah in Chapter one?
She can't conceive
What does she do to fix her problem?
Prays to God
What does Hannah do when God grants her request?
Offers Samuel to the Lord after he's been weaned
Who is Eli?
A high priest and the father of two ministers
What was the wickedness of Eli's sons?
They would steal and have sex scandals in the Temple
Samuel becomes a great (blank) for Israel?
Once the Philistines captured the Ark of God, where did they take it?
The Temple of Dagon
How does God make his power known to the Philistines?
He gives them tumors
After the tumors, what happened with the ark?
It was returned
Why were the Israelites successful in their battle against the Philistines?
God was with them because they obeyed them
Describe the two sons of Samuel. How did they compare to Samuel?
They were wicked
What did the Israelites want appointed and why?
A king so they could be like other nations
How did Samuel react to this request?
He was displeased
How did God react to this request?
He said to give the people what they wanted
List the rights of the king (9 rights):
Sons to Chariots, appointing the army, farming is done, daughters to workers, takes best crops, tithes crops, gives revenue to servants, tithe flocks, take servant and animals
When Samuel told the Israelites the rights of the king, how did they respond?
They still wanted a king
Tall, handsome, but held a low positioning society
What does God reveal to Samuel?
Saul should be King
How does Samuel anoint Saul?
By pouring oil on his head
What did God change of Saul's? How did the people now view Saul?
His position and he was now viewed as important
What did Saul have to do to be accepted by the people as their king?
Defeat the Ammonites
What does Samuel recap? What does he warn against?
History of the Israelites. He warns against Saul.
What stupid thing did King Saul do in Chapter 13?
Tried to offer sacrifice and do communion
What was the second stupid thing King Saul did in Chapter 15?
He didn't listen to God and broke lots of rules
How many boys does Jesse have?
Who is the Champion of the Philistines that David takes on and defeats?
What does David get for a reward for killing the Philistine?
The money, the honey, and the tax exemption
Who is David's BFF?
How does David spare Saul's life in Chapter 24?
By allowing him to walk out of the cave unharmed
How does Saul and his sons die?
At the hands of the Philistines
How did David react at the news of King Saul's death?
He killed the man who killed Saul and wept
What did King David do to the messenger of the news of King Saul's death?
He killed him
How long was David King over Israel?
When the Ark of the Lord was brought to Jerusalem what did David do before the Ark?
He was singing and dancing
Who was angry at him for doing this particular thing?
His wife, Michal
What does David want to do for God with the Ark?
He wants to make merry before the Ark
What is the name of the prophet during David's reign?
In Chapter nine who does David show kindness to?
Meribbaal (Jonathan's Son)
What was David's sin? What happened in the story?
Adultery. He saw her bathing while idling, laid with her, and got her pregnant
Who is Uriah the Hittite? What was the name of his wife?
A general for David. Bathsheba.
How did Uriah die?
In battle when put in the front lines
Who calls David out with what he did to Uriah?
What was David's punishment for committing these sins?
His child died
What happened to the child David conceived with the woman?
The child died
What happens in the end of the adulterous relationship?
They get married and have one more kid named Solomon
What crime did Amnon commit?
Who was it that Amnon shamed?
Whose sister was she?
How does her brother get revenge against Amnon?
He kills him after he gets drunk
What did David do about this crime?
He wept and did nothing to Absalom
When David flees Jerusalem what does he leave behind?
He leaves behind his concubines
What did Absalom do to David's concubines? Why did he do such a thing?
He laid with them. So he could "see his father's nakedness" and gain authority over him
What does Absalom plot against David?
He plots to take the kingdom from him
How did Absalom die?
He dies from pikes and blows
What was King David's reaction to Absalom's death?
He wept and mourned
What did David do with his ten concubines when he returned back to his palace?
He put them under guard
What is the last sin David commits?
Taking a census of the people
What punishment does David choose?
3 days of plague
As King David was dying, what was he given to keep him warm?
A young virgin girl
Which of King David's sons did he choose to take over his throne?
Which of his sons tried to take the throne by force?
Who warns Bathsheba of this takeover?
Nathan the prophet
Who ends up replacing David as the 3rd king of Israel?
What does Adonijah ask Bathsheba to request for him? What happens as a result of this request?
If he can take Abraham as his wife. He puts him to death.
What are David's last words of advice to his son, Solomon?
To keep the mandate of the Lord
How did King Solomon respond when the queen mother came into his presence?
He bows down to her
What is the order in which King Solomon built his 3 constructions? How long did it take him to build the Temple? How long did it take him to build his palace?
Temple, palace, wall for Jerusalem. 7 years for the Temple. 13 years for the palace.
What was placed in the Temple?
The Ark of the Covenant
In the first case brought before Solomon in his court, how did Solomon use his wisdom to determine who the baby belonged to?
He told them to split the baby in half and he determined who the mom was by who wanted to save the baby regardless.
What grave sin did Solomon commit that offended God?
He worshipped other gods.
List the names of the false gods Solomon and the Israelites worshipped:
Astarte, Milcom, Chemosh, Molech, and Baal.
What do the numbers 6 and 666 represent?
Who is Jeroboam? What did Jeroboam do that offended God?
King of Israel. Worships other gods.
Northern Kingdom - Name of Kingdom
Northern Kingdom - 1st King
Northern Kingdom - Number of tribes
Northern Kingdom - Cities of worship
Bethel and Dan
Southern kingdom - Name of the Kingdom
Southern Kingdom - 1st King
Southern Kingdom - Number of tribes
Southern Kingdom - Cities of worship
Who is Elijah?
Who is Elisha?
Why did Daniel and his friends not eat the food ordered by the King? Who was the king of the time?
They considered it tainted. King Nebuchadnezzar.
Name the four Judean servants:
Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah
What was the king's first dream? How did Daniel interpret the dream?
About a giant tree. He said the king is the tree and that the birds and wild beasts are his people.
What did King Nebuchadnezzar Force all people to do before the golden statue? What was the punishment if someone refused?
To worship it. Cast into a furnace.
What other name was given to Daniel?
What was written on the wall? Please explain the meaning of the writing on the wall.
Mene, Tekel, and Peres. God will end his kingdom, he was weighted on scales and was found wanting, the kingdom will be divided and will be given to the Medes and Persians.
Why was Daniel thrown into the den of lions? How did he survive unharmed?
Daniel prayed after it was outlawed for everyone but the king. An angel closed the lion's mouth.
Who is the 'Son of Man' in Chapter 7?
What are the names of the two archangels mentioned in the book of Daniel?
Michael and Gabriel
What occurred in the story of Susanna?
Elders wanted to lay with her but she refused so they made false adultery allegations towards her. A young boy stood up for her at her trial and the other men were put to death.
How did Daniel defeat Bel and the Dragon?
By saying if Bel didn't eat the food with it locked, Bel isn't really a god. By making cakes and putting it into the Dragon's mouth.
Who was the King of Persia in the book of Ezra?
Who was the prophet of the Lord who spoke to the king?
What were the Israelites rebuilding?
What needed rebuilt in order to offer sacrifices on it?
Who supervised the rebuilding of the Temple?
Who interfered with the rebuilding of the Temple?
The enemies of Judah and Benjamin
Ezra was a (blank) - (title, position):
A scribe (lawyer) from Babylon
What was Ezra's job?
To make sure people followed the rules
What were the people and priest not to do when it comes to marriage?
What did Ezra demand the men do when it came to these unlawful marriages?
He made them send the wives and children away
What position in the Persian government did Nehemiah hold?
Cupbearer to the king and governor
What was the next structure the Israelites rebuilt?
How was the work of rebuilding the structure divided up among the Israelites?
Each family was responsible for building the section of the wall in front of their own home and land
What were the names of the men (3 men) who tried to interfere with the construction of the wall?
Sanballat, Tobias, and Gesham
To protect against an attack, how were the Israelites split up each day (what two roles were each group responsible for)?
1/2 working on the wall, 1/2 prepared for battle
How long did it take to build the wall of Jerusalem?
What happened to the enemies of the Israelites when they heard the wall had been completed?
They were discouraged
Why did they react in this way?
They knew God was helping them
Who led the Israelites in a renewal ceremony where the Law was read and explained?
What practices were addressed, reprimanded, and condemned by Nehemiah?
Intermarriages, Sabbath observance, reform of the Temple
List in order the 5 Maccabee leaders of the Israelites during the revolts:
Mattathias, Judas, Jonathan, Simon, and John
What is happening to the Israelites during this time due to Greek rule? What term is used to describe this?
Hellenization (spread of Greek culture)
What caused the revolt by the Israelites people?
They wanted to follow their own laws and religion
After their first victories, how were Judas and his brothers viewed by the Gentiles?
As fierce warriors
What were the disadvantages the Israelites faced in their battles under the leadership of Judas?
They were outnumber and inexperienced
What 2 stories from the history of the Israelites does Judas reference to remind the Israelites of God's protection and saving power?
The Parting of the Red Sea and David and Goliath
What Jewish festival remembers the 8 day celebration by the Israelites as they dedicated the altar?
In Chapter 5, we hear of the Israelites first defeat. What led to the defeat of Joseph and Azariah?
They wanted to make a name for themselves
Why did some priests die in the battle against Hebron?
They rashly joined the battle in a desire to make a name for themselves
How did the Israelites become stronger after each victory in battle?
They gained spoils
How did Eleazar die?
He was crushed under an elephant
What two objects did the Israelites remove from Nicanor?
His head and right arm
Which growing empire did the Israelites really want to form an alliance with?
What title was given to Judas?
Savior of Israel
After the death of Judas, what began happening in Judah?
Evil things began happening
After the death of each leader, how do the Israelites respond?
What term was given to the Maccabeus family to describe why they were the family God sent to save Israel from their enemies?
The family of deliverance
Johnathan formed alliances with other nations during his time as leader. This allowed him to focus his attention on another endeavor. What did Jonathan restore?
The city of Jerusalem
What did Jonathan order to be built/rebuilt in Jerusalem?
Which Maccabean leader achieved a long resting period from war during his leadership?
During this time of rest and peace, what accomplishment did this leader have?
He enlarged the borders of the nation
Who did Simon put in charge of his troops?
His son John
Why was Simon unwilling to comply with King Antiochus' demand to give up the cities and territories the Israelites seized?
They believed it was rightfully their land
Which Maccabean leader was the only one not to die in battle or at the hands of their enemy?
What was the ultimate goal for the Israelites in fighting all of their battles?
To regain Jerusalem and religious freedom