World War I Review
Terms in this set (25)
The policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war.
A devotion to one's nation and its interests.
The military alliance of France, Britain, and Russia during World War I. Later included Italy and many other nations.
The military alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire during World War I.
A British passenger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1,200 people died, including 128 Americans.
A 1917 telegram sent from Germany's foreign secretary to the German minister in Mexico instructing the minister to urge Mexico to attack the United States if the United States declared war on Germany.
War combat in which soldiers are located in trenches dug into the ground.
The shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out.
An agreement between nations to aid and protect one another.
Multiethnic Empires in Europe
Ottoman Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire
Nationalism and Multiethnic Empires
Nationalists wanted independence for people groups within the empires.
Russia saw itself as the protector of Serbia. The Russians declared war on Austria after Austria declared war on Serbia.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
A policy of the Germans which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
Problems of Trench Warfare
Disease, infections, high casualties, the loud noises, and the awful smell.
Toppling of the Tsar's government as a result of lack of supplies due to the war. Led Russia to withdraw and stop fighting.
Reelection Campaign of Woodrow Wilson
He said that he had kept the United States out of the war and promised that he would continue to do so.
What gave Germany hope of ending the war before US troops arrived?
Being able to move their troops from the east to the west after the collapse of Russia.
Effect of the Americans in World War I
Fresh American troops helped bolster the tired French and British troops.
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
Steps to create a lasting peace. Included not punishing Germany too harshly, establishing an independent Poland, spreading democracy, allowing ethnic groups to establish countries, and establishing the League of Nations.
Causes of the First World War
The alliance system led to two opposing sides in Europe and nationalist tensions throughout the continent.
Consequences of the First World War
Harsh treatment of Germany which led to the rise of Hitler and his Nazi Party and the expansion of the British and French empires into former Ottoman territories.
Woodrow Wilson's goals after entering the war
He wanted to influence the peace process and help spread democracy.
Germany's plan at the beginning of the war
Quickly attack France through Belgium before Russia could mobilize.
How World War I could be described as a "family feud"
Three of the monarchs of the major powers (Britain, Germany, and Russia) were first cousins.
League of Nations
An international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations.
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