chapter 40 Antiviral Drugs NCLEX ?

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The nurse is obtaining a medication history from an 18-year-old female patient who has been diagnosed with genital herpes. Which drug would the nurse expect this patient to be prescribed?
A. amantadine (Symmetrel)
B. acyclovir (Zovirax)
C. zidovudine (Retrovir)
D. ribavirin (Virazole)
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Terms in this set (11)
C. antiretroviral drugs

HIV is a member of the retrovirus family; therefore drugs used to treat this virus are classified as antiretroviral drugs. Although antiretroviral drugs also fall under the broader category of antiviral drugs in general, their mechanisms of action are unique to the AIDS virus. So, they are more commonly referred to by their subclassification as antiretroviral drugs
Which statement, if made by a patient with HIV infection, demonstrates a need for continued patient teaching?
A. "I will change my position slowly to prevent dizziness and potential injury."
B. "I must take these medications exactly as prescribed for the rest of my life."
C. "I don't need to use condoms as long as I take my medication as prescribed."
D. "I should remain upright for 30 minutes after taking my zidovudine."
C. Intravenously

Significant drug interactions that occur with antiviral drugs arise most often when they are administered via systemic routes such as intravenously and orally. Many of these drugs are also applied topically to the eye or body, however, and the incidence of drug interactions associated with these routes of administration is much lower
Viruses can enter the body through at least four routes: inhalation through the respiratory tract, ingestion via the GI tract, transplacentally via mother to infant, and inoculation via skin or mucous membranes. The inoculation route can take several forms, including sexual contact, blood transfusions, sharing of syringes or needles, organ transplantation, and animal bites (including human, animal, insect, spider, and others).
Before administration of any antiviral medication, what nursing care would be performed? (Select all that apply.) A. Head-to-toe physical assessment B. Documentation of known allergies C. History of medication use D. Monitoring for adverse effects E. Baseline vital signsA, B,C,E Before administering an antiviral drug, perform a thorough head-to-toe physical assessment and take a medical and medication history. Document any known allergies before use of these and any other medications. Also assess the patient’s baseline vital signs because of the profound effects of viral illnesses on physiologic status, especially if the patient is immunocompromised. Assess and document any contraindications, cautions, and drug interactions associated with all of the antiviral drugs. Monitoring for adverse effects would occur after the medication has been administered