Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Final Exam 2019 US History Phillips
Terms in this set (50)
1964 Civil Rights Act
What it is: This act prohibited Discrimination because of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin by employers or labor unions
What it led to: Led to the complete desegregation of facilities such as parks, restaurants, schools. Also led to fair opportunities for African Americans and Colored people in general.
What led to it: The overturning of Plessy v Ferguson with Brown v Board of Education and Civil rights protest and marches led by MLK
Cuban Missile Crisis
What it is: The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba. Led to a thirteen day standoff that nearly led to Nuclear war.
What it led to: Led to attempted talks with the USSR to decrease nuclear weapons and further increased tensions with USSR and it's allies.
What led to it: The spread/ influence of communism to a country in the western hemisphere, and USSR placing nuclear missiles (ICBM's) in Cuba.
What it is: A war policy in Vietnam initiated by Nixon in June of 1969. This strategy called for dramatic reduction of U.S. troops followed by an increased injection of S. Vietnamese troops in their place. This plan allowed for a drop in troops. This policy became the cornerstone of the so-called "Nixon Doctrine". As applied to Vietnam, it was labeled "Vietnamization".
What it led to: Led to the end of the Vietnam War by full takeover of South Vietnam by North.
What led to it: President Truman's policy of Containment by containing the influence of communism and economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.
Civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against racism and the segregation of African Americans and of colored peoples in general.
Assassination of Kennedy
What it is: was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, in a Presidential motorcade. there was a ten-month investigation of the Warren Commission of 1963-1964 concluded that the President was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald acting alone and that Jack Ruby acted alone when he killed Oswald before he could stand trial.
Plessy v. Ferguson
What it is: a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
What it led to: Led to racial profiling between blacks and white/denied certain rights and led to segregationally racial laws.
What led to it: Passing of fourteenth and fifteenth Amendments which granted voting rights to African Americans and voting rights. Angered many whites who wanted segregated communities, parks, ....
Brown v. Board of Education
What it is: 1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
What it led to: Led to the desegregation of facilities and the repeal of Plessy v. Ferguson as well as equal rights restored to those of color.
What led to it: The passing of Plessy v. Ferguson which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for black and whites were equal.
What it is: The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
What it led to: Led to th Red Scare and complete suspicion of all considered communist citizens as well of those in government positions.
What led to it: The revealing of USSR's spies in the U.S. must notably Julius and Ethel Rosenberg and the rise of senator Joseph McCarthyism who led the efforts.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
What it is: In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black woman in Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back
of the bus, as required by state law. She was arrested, and her action inspired a prolonged boycott of the city's buses by the black
What it led to: led to increased support for civil rights by whites and blacks and eventually the passing of the 1964 civil rights bill.
What led to it: Increasing calls for justice and civil right by MLK and other activists and to protest legalized segregation.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
What it is: failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.
What it led to: led to increased tension between U.S. and USSR as well as increased nuclear weapon and continued arms race.
What led to it: The Cuban Missile crisis which was a near conflict in which the U.S. and USSR came close to nuclear war and dictatorship of Fidel Castro, a communist backed soldier.
What it is: Established by the Truman administration in 1947 to contain Soviet influence to what it was at the end of World War II.
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II in order to stabilize and rebuild their countries and prevent the spread of communism.
What it is:The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
What it led to: Led to the separation of North and South Korea, stopped communism from spreading to South Korea, and led to Republicans characterizing Truman and the Democrats as "soft on communism"
What led to it: The invasion of South Korea by North Korea
American-born children of Japanese immigrants; second generation Japanese Americans.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over 100,000 troops stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Government documents that showed the public had been lied to about the status of the war in Vietnam
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Dropping of the atomic bomb
During the final steps of World War II in 1945, the US under President Truman, conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan .
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Entry to WWII
What it is: Attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base by Japanese forces. Was planned to cripple America's pacific fleet and response to Japanese growing takeovers of islands in the pacific.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
A book written to voice the concerns of environmentalists. Launched the environmentalist movement by pointing out the effects of civilization development.
The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up. It was a means of communicating with the people on how he would take on the depression. Gained the confidence of the people
Starting with collapse of the US stock market in 1929, period of worldwide economic stagnation and depression. Widespread unemployment, countries raised tariffs to protect their industries. America stopped investing in Europe. Lead to loss of confidence that economies were self adjusting,
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Entry to WWI
Sinking of the sinking of the ocean liner RMS Lusitania by U-boats killing 128 Americans and continued unrestricted submarine warfare.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
Dubois vs. Washington
W.E.B DuBois demanded immediate and total equality for African-Americans, while Booker T. Washington pushed blacks to first gain economic equality, and then social equality would stem from that.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Movement of individuals into a population
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
This law, passed in 1862, allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land just by living on and improving it for five years. Now it was to encourage western settlement and the family farm ("the backbone of democracy").
African Americans migrating to the Great Plains state (Kansas & Oklahoma) in 1879 to escape conditions in the South
What it is:Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
What it led to: The conclusion of laissez faire capitalism, or pure competition, is the end of competition itself. It is the goal of any business to make as much profit as it can and to eliminate its competition.
What led to it: Trusts has an enormous impact on the American economy. They became huge economic and political forces. Basic economic principles no longer applied. They also had great political power. Trusts were extremely influential in Congress and in the Senate. Some even accused the trusts of "buying" votes.
What it is: Refers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages. They also drove their competitors out of business by selling their products cheaper than it cost to produce it. Then when they controlled the market, they hiked prices high above original price.
What it led to: Led to the Rise of Big Business as well as well as monopolies. Most notable entrepreneurs include Rockefeller and Carnegie.
What led to it: Rise of the wealthy to include John D Rockefeller who was a business man who controlled America's Oil supply and Andrew Carnegie. A business man who controlled America's Steel and was the largest steel producer.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
What it is: March 1911 fire in New York factory that trapped young women workers inside locked exit doors; nearly 50 ended up jumping to their death; while 100 died inside the factory.
What it led to: Led to the establishment of many factory reforms, including increasing safety precautions for workers.
What led to it: Poor working conditions in the workplace and multiple deaths. Most notable incident include Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire.
What it is: An immigrant receiving station that opened in 1892, where immigrants were given a medical examination and only allowed in if they were healthy.
What it led to: Led to the increased migration by immigrants from Europe and Asia. Crowded city and terrible working conditions. Created Slums in big cities and poverty. Did lead to the ''Creation of the Middle Class'' Society.
What led to it. The great migration of European immigrants after WW1. Fled home from poverty to start New Life in America.
What it is:putting a person to death by mob action without due process of law
What it led to: Led to The great Migration of African Americans to the North as well as the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
What led to it: A big reason for this was the end of the Civil War. Once black were given their freedom, many people felt that the freed blacks were getting away with too much freedom and felt they needed to be controlled.
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
What it is: The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
What it led to: Nixon took aggressive steps to cover up the crime afterwards, and in August 1974, after his role in the conspiracy was revealed, Nixon resigned. The Watergate scandal changed American politics forever, leading many Americans to question their leaders and think more critically about the presidency.
What led to it: By 1972, when Republican President Richard M. Nixon was running for reelection, the United States was embroiled in the Vietnam War, and the country was deeply divided. The prowlers were connected to President Richard Nixon's reelection campaign.
Sets found in the same folder
US History Honors Unit 4 Terms
French II Midterm Study Guide
Sets with similar terms
US History vocab
STAAR People and Groups
APUSH Terms: 1945-1969
Other sets by this creator
Vocabulary Set #6
English 2 Honors Final
Unit Quiz Study Guide