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Strayer AP World History Chapter 21
Terms in this set (20)
What was the effect of Germany's arrival as a new powerful player on the international scene?
a. It provided stability.
b. It made little difference.
c. It was disruptive to the established order.
d. Germany quickly became the lone superpower.
What was the popular attitude in Europe towards the prospect of war in the summer of 1914?
a. Widespread enthusiasm for war
b. Widespread opposition to war
c. Widespread indifference to war
d. Widespread unawareness of the fact that there might be a war
What impact did World War I have on Europe's colonial empires?
a. The war drew in laborers and soldiers from the colonies.
b. The war left the colonies untouched.
c. The war was fought mainly in the colonies.
d. The war lead directly to widespread independence of colonies.
What term best describes the predominant style of warfare in World War I?
a. Shock and awe
c. Divide and conquer
d. Trench warfare
What was the reaction of many European intellectuals to the experience of World War I?
a. Newfound patriotism.
b. Profound disillusionment with European civilization.
c. Most intellectuals were killed in the war.
d. Most were not concerned with the war at all.
Which of the following seriously weakened Wilson's idea of a League of Nations?
a. Language barriers
b. Wilson's own overbearing personality
c. Failure of U.S. Senate to ratify the League
d. Failure of many major nations to join the League
Which of the following was NOT a factor in causing the Great Depression?
a. High reparations payments by Germany and Austria to France and Britain
b. Overproduction in the United States
c. Stock market speculation
d. Government interference in market economies
The "Axis" nations were united by their opposition to what international movement?
Mussolini's "fascist" movement came to power promising an alternative to what?
c. Both democracy and communism
What was meant by the term "corporate state," used to describe fascist Italy?
a. Big businesses ran the state.
b. Big businesses were favored by the state.
c. Business and labor were to be unified within the state.
d. Business and labor were left alone to run the state themselves.
What myth arose in Germany in the 1920s to explain why Germany lost World War I?
a. The German forces were hexed.
b. Socialist, Jews, and liberals in Germany stabbed Germany in the back.
c. French and American soldiers were genetically superior to German soldiers.
d. The Kaiser (German Emperor) gave crucial information to the enemy.
How did Hitler and the Nazis view modern, urban life?
a. As the best part of Germany
b. As a Jewish conspiracy to corrupt traditional German values
c. As something the Americans had and they wanted
d. As Germany's main hope for defeating the centuries long Jewish presence in Germany
Which Enlightenment values did the Nazis draw upon in their ideology?
a. Science and human perfectibility
b. Liberty and equality
c. Rationalism and democracy
d. Skepticism and open-mindedness
How did Japanese nationalists differentiate Japanese society from Western society?
a. They believed that the Japanese were more individualistic than westerners.
b. They believed that the Japanese were better at technology than westerners.
c. They believed that the Japanese were more loyal to their ruler than westerners to their own rulers.
d. They believed Japanese society to be far more modern than Western society.
In what way was nationalist Japan most similar to Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany?
a. Widespread arrest and execution of political opponents
b. Political takeover of right-wing radical groups
c. Complete censorship over intellectuals and artists
d. Aggressive ambition for conquest and empire-building.
What was the real reason that Japan began invading French, British, Dutch, and American territories in Southeast Asia and the Pacific?
a. To liberate Asians from colonial domination
b. To establish a new ruling dynasty in China
c. To control resources and end their dependence on the West
d. Preemptive self-defense against colonial powers that were planning an attack on Japan from their bases in Asia
Which of the following best describes the attitude of Japanese leaders toward their decision to bomb Pearl Harbor and thus start a war with the United States?
a. They were enthusiastic, but knew they stood no chance against the United States.
b. They were enthusiastic, believing they could easily beat an overrated American military.
c. They were regretful, for they knew that they could have achieved more power over the United States through negotiations.
d. They were regretful, for they knew that they stood only a small chance against the mighty United States, though they saw no other way to maintain power in the Pacific.
Which of the following is NOT an example of the term "Total War" during WWII?
a. The firebombing of German cities by Britain and the United States
b. The mass rape and mutilation of Chinese women by Japanese troops in Nanjing
c. The bombing of Pearl Harbor
d. The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States
What was the impact of the outcome of World War II on communism?
a. It destroyed communism.
b. It transformed communism into a pacifist movement.
c. It allowed communism to spread across Western Europe.
d. It gave communism legitimacy in the Soviet Union and control over half of Europe and much of Asia.
What happened to European economies after the United States began its Marshall Plan in 1948?
a. Europe saw massive economic growth and widespread prosperity.
b. Europe sank deeper into economic misery.
c. The Marshall Plan helped initially, but could not sustain Europe's broken economy in the long run.
d. The European economy recovered, but only after several decades of recession and poverty.
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