Upgrade to remove ads
Acids and Bases
chemistry ch 14 & 15 vocab
holt mcdougal 2014 ebook definitions
Terms in this set (32)
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements.
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions, H+ , in aqueous solution.
a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions, OH - , in aqueous solution.
one that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
An acid that releases few hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
A molecule of Ion that is a proton donor.
A molecule or Ion that is a proton acceptor.
An acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per molecule
Brønsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
protons are transferred from one reactant (the acid) to another (the base).
acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule.
polyprotic acid that can donate two protons per molecule
Phosphoric acid is the type of polyprotic acid known as a triprotic acid— an acid able to donate three protons per molecule
atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
is an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond.
Lewis acid-base reaction
is the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor.
the species that remains after a Brønsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
The species that is formed when a Brønsted-Lowry base gains a proton
aqueous solutions, __________ the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid
solution is defined as the negative of the common logarithm of the hydronium ion concen- tration, [H3O+]
pH = -log [H3O+]
solution is defined as the negative of the common logarithm of the hydroxide ion concentration, [OH- ]
pOH = -log [OH-]
compounds whose colors are sensitive to pH.
The pH range over which an indicator changes color
determines the pH of a solution by measuring the voltage between the two electrodes that are placed in the solution.
is the controlled addition and measurement of the amount of a solution of known concentration required to react completely with a measured amount of a solution of unknown concentration.
The point at which the two solutions used in a titration are present in chemically equivalent amounts
The point in a titration at which an indicator changes color
The solution that contains the precisely known concentration of a solute
highly purified solid compound used to check the concentration of the known solution in a titration.
Recommended textbook explanations
Interactive Science: Physical Science
Chemistry: Reading and Study Workbook
Chemistry Matter and Change
McLaughlin, Thompson, Zike
Sets with similar terms
Modern Chemistry Ch 14-15 vocab
Chemistry - Chapter 14 and 15 - Acids and Bases
Chapter 15-16 Vocab
Other sets by this creator
religion study guide
earth science Q4
Mr.McClure's world Geography vocab
Other Quizlet sets
APUSH Chapter 5&6
APUSH First Semester FRQs Bivens
NBCE Review - General Anatomy