WWII Study Guide
Terms in this set (30)
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II.
Japan's prime minister. ordered attack on pearl harbor
Emperor of Japan during WWII. His people viewed him as a god
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Union of Germany and Austria in 1933
an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory. "Lighting war"
Soviet Union, Great Britain, US
Germany, Italy, Japan
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands(Japan) and bypassing others
Japanese suicide pilots who would crash their planes into ships and military bases in order to cause lots of damage.
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
A region in Germany designated a demilitarized zone by the Treaty of Versailles; Hitler violated the treaty and sent German troops there in 1936
an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler
1939 Hitler occupies Czechoslovakia and violates Munich Agreement.
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
What was the first violation of treaty of versailles?
1935- Rearmament Rally
What was the second violation of treaty of versailles?
1936- Compulsory military draft
1936 - Hitler moves troops into the demilitarized Rhineland
What was the third violation of treaty of versailles?
1939, Germany had
8,250 airplanes and 1 million soldiers
Only allowed to have 0 airplanes and 100,000 soldiers...
On the Road to War an act of appeasement was when the European leaders did what for the Nazi's?
Prior to 1939, the Nazi regime was much weaker, but European leaders continually gave into Hitler's demands
Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other.
How did Hitler break pact
The Soviet army retreated 500 miles
The Battle for Stalingrad led into winter
What was the Japanese goal during Pearl Harbor?
destroy the U.S Pacific Fleet
Why did Truman use the A-bomb?
to bring the war to the quickest possible end
Why did the Japanese surrender
They couldn't handle all of the destruction
Why were the British able to defeat the Germans? (What things did they use that were an advantage)
radar, British moral, cracking of the enigma code
what was the enigma code
The "unbreakable code" used by the Germans. it was inside of the enigma which was a machine like a typewriter