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Arts and Humanities
Film and TV
Terms in this set (32)
Elements of Production Design
1. Set Design
2. Set Dressing
The design and/or creation of a particular location
Draping, Furniture, Decor, etc, that dresses the set
The carefully designed clothing worn by actors
Everything within a shot or frame. Combines cinematography, performance, and production design to make literal a director's vision
Included in Mise-en-Scene
-movement of camera
-movement of actors
-sets, costumes, makeup
Key Art Department Roles
-Key Makeup Artist
-Determines the look of all the visual elements in each shot
-participates in location scouting
-coordinates, via the Art Director, with the make up, wardrobe, and camera departments
-Leads in the construction of production designed sets and costumes
-coordinates the work of the Set Builders
-coordinates with the On Set Dresser
-Coordinate the work of the Costume Designer, Production Designer, and Compositors with the DP and the Director
-Seeking, obtaining, and creating props
-Maintenance and management of props
-Continuity of props in conjunction with Script Supervisor
Key Make-up Artist
-Meets with actors during prep to do tests with the Camera Dept.
-Consults with Director and Production Designer on make-up design
-Application of makeup (both beauty and effects) to cast members
-Maintain actor's makeup during shooting, in coordination with the Script Supervisor
-Development and design of costume and wardrobe for production
-Meets with actors during prep to do tests with Camera and make-up Depts
-Obtaining or creating all costume components
-The final assembly of all costumes
-Maintenance of all costumes in coordination with the Script Supervisor
A sound whose source is visible in the reality of the world onscreen (Voices of actors speaking, sounds made by objects in the story, music coming from visible instruments)
Sounds whose source is outside the world onscreen (VO, Musical score or soundtrack)
Cinema is neither a window nor a frame...
it is a volume
Mono (or 'Monophonic")
A system where all audio is mixed out to a single channel. This is oldest and most simplified kind of sound mix
Stereo (or 'Stereophonic')
A system where all audio is mixed out to two independent channels. The sound is mixed to play out of the left and right speakers of your television, computer, etc. (most preferable placement is a 45 degree angle)
Audio is mixed out of several discrete channels.
Key Sound Roles
The on set or on location sound engineer responsible for the recording of production sound and any sync-related on-set sound mixing and playback
Working in conjunction with the director, the sound designer supervises the mix of music, dialogue, ADR, foley, and sound effects.
Writes original music to be heard in the film, both diegetic and non-diegetic. Doing the bulk of their work after the picture edit has been locked, composers write and oversee the recording of the finished film score.
Selects previously existing songs for a film, in partnership with the Director, and arranges for proper legal releases for any music used.
Records and creates any onscreen sounds not captured on set, specifically the sounds of anything moving on screen.
An audio recording that is presented in a film to make a specific creative point and to enhance story.
The creation of everyday sound effects that are recorded in a foley studio to compliment or replace existing sounds (footsteps, squeaking doors, thunder, etc) (helps keep immersion and focus)
ADR (Automated Dialogue Replacement)
Also known as Dubbing - the process in which voices are recorded in post-production, replacing voices recorded during principle photography. (allows for new context for actors sometimes)
The sounds that are used to create a particular environment
a recording of a location's ambient tones in order to allow for naturalistic sound after dubbing dialogue or sound effects in post-production.
any sound recorded on-set WITHOUT the camera rolling.
5 Elements of a motion picture soundtrack
Traditionally, this is the only thing recorded on set:
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