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World war 1
Terms in this set (97)
___ was the first country to declare war in 1914.
Britain, concerned about Germany's ship-building programs, formed the ___. Name it's three members. (It will become The allied powers)
France, great Britain, Russia
Bismarck, wanting to isolate France, formed the ___. Name it's three members. (It will become the Central Powers.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
After the Franco-Prussian war, France was bitter about losing ___. France will not accept a peace until it is returned.
Austria-Hungary and Serbia wanted to annex ___. Only one of these countries could own them.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
What was Alsace-Lorraine
It was the territory that France lost to Germany in the Franco-Prussian war
What did France want back from Germany?
$3 billion indemnity that they paid
What territories did Italy want?
Trieste and Trento
Who held Trieste and Trento?
(And the Italians live there)
Where did Europe compete for power?
Africa, the Middle East, and asia.
What was the rivalry at sea?
Germany and Britain became involved in a naval rivalry.
Who created the Two Power Standards, and what does it state?
It stated that Britain's navy should be as large as any other two nations combined.
What was the rivalry on land?
France and Russia built up the size of their armies as tension increased
Who made up the triple alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Why was the triple alliance formed?
formed to isolate France
Who made up the triple entente?
France and Russia
What did the triple entente's alliance say that they would do?
France and Russia signed and alliance which stated that they would come to each others aid if they were attacked by any member of the triple alliance
What were the Balkans considered and why?
They were considered a powder keg because nationalism has led to several civil wars here
What two countries did Austria-Hungary absorb?
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Who also wanted Bosnia and Herzegovina? (This country was angry because Austria-Hungary absorbed them)
Who was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary?
archduke Francis Ferdinand
Where was the archduke Francis Ferdinand assassinated?
Who assassinated archduke Ferdinand?
What kind of nationalist was Gavrilo Princip?
A Serbian nationalist
What was Gavrilo Princip a member of?
Princip was a memeber of the Black Hand
What was Black Hand?
A group that wanted to unite Serbia and Bosnia.
What did Germany give Austria-Hungary?
A blank check
What was the blank check?
It meant that Germany would support Austria-Hungary in any conflict
At the beginning of WWI the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Belgium were neutral. Why did Germany violate Belgium's neutrality and not the others?
Belgium is on the way to Paris
How much land did Russia lose according to the the treaty of ___?
Germany's eastern front is ___ and its western front is ___. What geographic disadvantage did Germany's face?
Russia - Eastern
France - Western
It faced a two front war
What major battle was fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary?
What major battle was begun by the allies to open a new front in the Ottoman Empire?
What did Austria-Hungary issue serbia?
What did the Ultimatum call for?
It called for allowing Austria-Hungary officials to enter Serbia and investigating the murder of Ferdinand.
What was Serbia's response to the Ultimatum? What was the punishment?
Serbia refused, so Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia.
Who promised to aid serbia in case of war?
What two countries did Germany declare war on?
France and Russia
Why did Germany declare war on France?
Because France was allied with Russia, who was allied with Serbia and Germany was fighting both Serbia and Russia
Germany wanted to take over Paris but was stopped at the Battle of ___? When was this?
Germany tried to take the northern coast of France to stop Britain from resupplying the French (Race to the Sea) but was stopped at the battle of ___?
What is Trench Warfare
a stalemate occurred because neither side could win a decisive victory.
How long was the channel of trenches?
Trenches were dug from the North Sea to Switzerland.
What were two battles fought to break the stale mate?
Verdun and Somme
About how many men died in Verdun and Somme?
Was the stalemate broken after Verdun and Somme?
What were the new weapons used in WWI?
Machine guns, poison gas, tanks, zeppelin, and the airplane
What were the battle lines for the Eastern Front?
Baltic Sea to the Black Sea
What was Russia gaining in and lacking?
What are two battles did russia fight in to try and change their losing streak?
(Russia lost these two battles)
Tannenburg and Galacia
___ took personal control over the armies but Russia still lost.
Czar Nicolas II
Who replaced Czar Nicolas II?
What did Lenin promise the russians?
Peace, Land, and Bread
Who joined the allies towards the end of the war?
Who were the allies fighting? (countries)
Austria-Hungary and Germany
What was the first battle of WWI did Italy fight in? Did they win?
Does italy ever win a battle?
___ connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
____ ordered his troops to land on Gallipoli to open a new front, to liberate the Balkins and to occupy Istanbul.
Lord Admiral Churchill
The treaty of Breast-Litvosk
surrendered Russia's claims to Finland, Poland, Ukraine, ad the Baltic States to take Russia out of the War.
____ is when countries devote all of their resources to the war effort.
With the Zimmerman Telegram, Germany hoped to gain an alliance with ___.
Japan joined the Allies in WWI in order to take ____ colonies in Asia.
Name the British colonies that send troops to help Britain in Europe and Gallipoli.
Australia, New Zealand, India
Germany practiced unrestricted submarine warfare hoping to stop ____ from reaching Great Britain. (Another word for supply ship)
The Germans had been practicing
unrestricted submarine warfare.
The Germans attacked neutral shipping and passenger liners like ? (2)
the Lusitania and the Sussex
What neutral country did Germany invade?
What was the Zimmerman Telegram?
It is when the germans sent a telegram to Mexico that promised Mexico that if the Mexicans entered into WWI agains the US then Germany would reward Mexico with the lands that it lost in the Mexican-American
What president declared war against the germans? Why?
the US stopped Germany from taking Paris at this Battle
Germany's main defensive line
Where did the US break the Hindenburg Line?
St.Mihiel and Belleau Wood
huge battle ship
What happened to Germany after the Germans lost the Battle of Jutland
The Germans were not able to break out of the naval blockade that the British had imposed
The "War Guilt Clause" made the CENTRAL POWERS pay reparations to the Allies.
Germany lost its empire. Its territories in Africa and the Pacific were declared COLONIES.
False, Mandates (or territories administered by the League of Nations)
territories administered by the League of Nations
AUSTRIA-HUNGARY lost its empire and it lost the most territory of the Central Powers.
RUSSIA lost its empire and most of the new nations in Europe were created from its lands.
The ottomans lost their empire and today it is called LEBANON.
What were the new states that gained independence after World War I?
Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia
Germany signed ____ to end the war.
Who fled to the Netherlands rather than the face the wrath (anger) of Who?
William II (the kaiser of Germany)
Who was William II?
The kaiser of Germany
What US president created the 14 points?
What was the point of the 14 points?
To prevent international tension from leading to another war
What were the 3 major points from Wilson's 14 points?
2. Open agreements (treaties) between nations
3. An international organization to settle disputes (League of Nations)
What is the nickname of the Treaty of Versailles?
the "war guilt clause"
What is the treaty of versailles?
What did it do?
It made Germany responsible for the war.
Germany was made to pay for the war, it lost its colonies and its armies were limited.
Who was Alsace-Lorraine taken away from, and who was it given to??
Taken from Germany, and given to France
What german/french boarder state was taken away from Germany?
The Rhineland is German land that borders France.
It was taken from Germany to make a new buffer state between Germany and France.
Who got the german colonies?
What happened to them?
German Colonies were given to the Allies and made into Mandates
Who did not receive enough compensation for their war efforts?
Italy and Japan
Who joined Germany to create the Axis Powers in WWII?
Italy and Japan
Who lost their Empires in WWI?
Russia and Austria-Hungary
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