Ch 1 practice test
Terms in this set (25)
Which theories propose that development is largely determined by how well people resolve the conflicts that they face at different ages?
A researcher is gathering several studies to estimate relations between variables in these studies. What kind of study is this researcher conducting?
With regard of the nature-nurture debate, which factors are most influential in determining the kind of person you are?
Mutually interactive genetic and environmental factors
Towanda notices that her two-year-old child has made a huge leap in language ability. As far as language ability is concerned, Towanda would probably most agree with the ________ point of view.
The statement "Infants who were irritable at birth tend to be irritable as adults" supports which idea regarding developmental issues?
if peer reviewers positively evaluate a full-length manuscript submitted for publication, the editor may decide it is publishable in a(n) ________ .
Dr. Garcia is studying the impact of cancer treatment on psychological well-being. In her current study, she is comparing the reactions of different age groups of patients (in their 30s, 40s, 50s, and 60s). Most likely, Dr. Garcia is interested in the ________ forces of development.
The ideas of which theorist emphasized the discontinuity and universal stages?
According to the example in the text, which product below was pulled from American shelves in response to human development research and its impact on social policy?
________ is one kind of ________ .
-Reinforcement; operant conditioning
Which is the proper order of Piaget's stages
-Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Dr. Zachary is studying how adolescents' self-esteem is affected by school transitions, gender, and family environment. He hopes to soon replicate his studies in Japan and Africa. Which perspective most heavily influences Dr. Zachary?
Self-reports are not always valid because people ________ .
-remember events inaccurately and answer in socially acceptable ways
Dr. Hindsmith has developed a new test for IQ. When Dr. Hindsmith distributes the new test to college students, and finds that the students score the same every time they take the test, but that the test does not predict how they perform on other IQ tests. Dr. Hindsmith's test appears to have ________ but not ________ .
For a correlation coefficient, the ________ shows the direction of the relationship, while the ________ shows the strength of the relationship.
positive or negative sign; difference from zero
Dr. Billips carries out a study in which he tests the effects of testosterone on memory. He carefully remeasures testosterone levels in the bloodstream in a group of people when they are 30, 40, 50, and 70 years old. What type of design has Dr. Billips incorporated in his study?
In general, ________ forces are all the internal cognitive, emotional, personality, and perceptual factors that influence development.
According to the text, which highly populated country is the most diverse in a sociocultural context?
A researcher is interested in studying the consequences of behavior, such as whether a consequence increases the likelihood of the behavior that it follows. Which theory is this researcher likely studying?
Bandura's theory differs from Skinner's in that it focuses on ________ .
At any point in life, the ________ consists of the people and objects in an individual's immediate environment.
The use of __________ typically involves intensive observation of behavior over extended periods of time.
A researcher chooses to study a group of Hispanic males age 25-30. This group of people composes the ________ of the research study.
In conducting developmental research, observation is a key technique. Recording people's behavior as it takes place, in a natural environment, is which type of observation?
Two-year-old Luke lines up behind peers after seeing them make a line. Luke is demonstrating learning by _________.
imitation or observation