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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 10, 11, and 12 history test
Terms in this set (62)
Life was hard in the South on the home front because
Prices were high and there was not enough food
Sherman's strategy of total war included
Attacking and destroying anything the enemy could use to continue fighting
After the Civil War, President Lincoln wanted
confederate states to set up new government and rejoin the Unicn quickly
True or False: African Americans lost political power.
True or False: Segregation was enforced.
True or False: The president told federal troops to leave the South.
Why did Jim Crow laws harm African Americans?
The enforced the segregation of African Americans from other Americans
What are some advantages the North had during the Civil War?
The north had more factories for making weapons and supplies
What are some advantages the South had during the Civil War?
Produced much cotton and made a huge Prout off the world and a strong military
What took the place of slavery?
Who won the battle at Gettysburg?
Before the Civil War, why did tension increase between the northern and southern states?
They disagreed about whether or not slavery should continue
Who was the president of the Union during the Civil War?
The Union was also known as the
Why did Southern states leave the Union
To protect their own rights to own slavery
Who led the Confederate troops at the Battle of Bull Run?
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
What is the name of the famous speech Lincoln gave during the Civil War?
What was the Underground Railroad?
A system of escape trails that led slaves to freedom
The battles of the Civil War were mostly fought
In the south
What Constitutional Amendment ended slavery in the United States?
Southern states passed _____________ to keep African Americans separated from other Americans.
Jim Crow laws
The South was also known as the
Who was the main general of the Union army?
Ulysses S. Grant
Describe the Lincoln-Douglass Debates.
Douglas believed in popular sovereignty and that the people would eventually vote Kansas and Nebraska free. Lincoln believed slavery was immoral and in a labor system.
What did Congress create to provide help to freed slaves?
What does "states' rights" mean?
The idea that states, not the federal government, should decide matter that effect the state
How did the Emancipation Proclamation change the war?
It made the war a war to end slavery in the heart of the south
Which constitutional amendment gave African Americans the right to vote?
What important event took place at Appomattox Court House in 1865?
General Lee surrendered to general grant
The Civil War began when
Confederate troops attacked fort Sumter
The 13th, 14th, & 15th amendments are known as the
The voting rights amendments
What was the purpose of the Underground Railroad?
To helps enslaved people escape slavery
What abolitionist fought slavery by raiding a U.S. Army post at Harpers Ferry, Virginia and was hung for what he did?
Why did the Confederate army get weaker?
The confederate government had not money for supplies or more sliders
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
enacted in 1854 that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery
Which amendment declared that the states could not limit the rights of citizens?
What kind of conditions did soldiers in the Civil War face?
Lived in tents; often didn't have enough to eat; dues do diseases
Who was the main general of the Confederate troops?
Robert E. Lee
The period when the south rejoined the Union is called
What was the South like during Reconstruction?
Many people were poor and it was hard to earn a living
How did Harriet Beecher Stowe's book, Uncle Tom's Cabin increase tensions between the North and the South?
The south thought the book gave a false picture of slavery. The north felt a new sympathy for slaves
Who was the new president of the southern states new country, The Confederacy?
Who led the army that captured the city of Atlanta, Georgia?
William Tecumseh Sherman
In the Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court said
Enslaved people were property and had no rights
Why did John Brown attack the army post at Harper's Ferry?
Start a rebellion by arming slaves
What was the Compromise of 1850?
a series of congressional measures intended do to settle the major disagreements between free states and slave states
Capital of the Union
Capital of the Confederacy
Where the first shots of the Civil War were fired
First major battle; The Confederacy won here twice
The bloodiest day of fighting during the Civil War
Battle of Antietam
Battle that was the "turning point" of the war; the Union had the advantage of defending high ground
Battle of Gettysburg
Last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River that gave the Union control of the river, thereby dividing the South
Siege of Vicksburg
Robert E. Lee surrendered here ending the Civil War
Appomattox Court House
The western counties of Virginia that refused to secede from the Union.
First state to secede from the Union Won the Civil War
-Blockade Southern ports
-Divide Confederacy in two in west
-Capture Richmond, Confederate capital
What were the Fugitive Slave Laws?
were laws passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another state or territory.
Document that ended slavery in the Confederate states
Lincoln's speech that said the Civil War was fought to preserve the government "of the people, by the
people, and for the people."
Caused more deaths during the Civil War than face-to-face combat
Starvation and disease
Lincoln's primary purpose in fighting the Civil War
It was to keep the Union together and to end slavery
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