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American Horizons Chapter 27
Terms in this set (39)
John F. Kennedy
President of the US during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. assassinated and replaced by LBJ
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
Robert F. Kennedy
*Brother of JFK
*Served as Attorney General under Kennedy
*Elected as senator from New York in 1964
*Pushed for desegregation and election regulation
*Presidential candidate in 1968
*He was assassinated in California by Sirhan Sirhan in June 1968
He was a civil rights advocate who spurred a riot at the University of Mississippi. The riot was caused by angry whites who did not want Meredith to register at the university. The result was forced government action, showing that segregation was no longer government policy.
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927). Kennedy hoped to counter his success.
Alliance for progress
(JFK) 1961,, a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems, money used to aid big business and the military to counter communism.
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Limited Test Ban Treaty
prohibits nuclear weapons tests "or any other nuclear explosion" in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water
The Great Society
measures including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
student leader of SNCC who organized sit-ins, spoke in Washington, & marched in Selma
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
A federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
A federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them.
A program proposed in the 1960s to give federal funds to a small number of large cities with acute problems
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
The prime minister with Brezhnev in the Soviet Union
Seized power from Nikita Khrushchev and became leader of the Soviet Communist party in 1964. Ordered forces in to Afghanistan and Czechoslovakia.
first American to orbit the earth
A region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the South and Southwest that has seen substantial population growth in recent decades, partly fueled by a surge in retiring baby boomers who migrate domestically, as well as the influx of immigrants, both legal and illegal.
A culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture.
A slogan used to reflect solidarity and racial consciousness, used by Malcolm X. It meant that equality could not be given, but had to be seized by a powerful, organized Black community.
a black civil rights activist in the 1960's. Leader of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. He did a lot of work with Martin Luther King Jr.but later changed his attitude. Carmichael urged giving up peaceful demonstrations and pursuing black power. He was known for saying,"black power will smash everything Western civilization has created."
1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50s, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built on seperationist and nationalist impulsesto achieve true independence and equality
Black Panther Party
A group formed in 1966, inspired by the idea of Black Power, that provided aid to black neighborhoods; often thought of as radical or violent.
20th Century Mexican American who devoted his life to improving conditions for migrant workers
Latina labor and civil rights leader
Name given to Mexican-Americans, who in 1970, were the majority of migrant farm labor in the U.S.
Reies Lopez Tijerina
Led the Alianza Federal de Mercedes
Alianza Federal de Mercedes
Federal Alliance of Land Grants; group led by Reies López Tijerina to try to regain land taken from Mexican Americans.
American Indian Movement
a civil rights group organized to promote the interests of Native Americans
National Organization for Women
called for equal employment opportunity and equal pay for women. NOW also championed the legalization of abortion and passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
1970s; a new right activist that protested the women's rights acts and movements as defying tradition and natural gender division of labor; demonstrated conservative backlash against the 60s
Coalition of younger members of the Democratic party and radical student groups. Believed in participatory democracy, free speech, civil rights and racial brotherhood, and opposed the war in Vietnam.
United States guitarist whose innovative style with electric guitars influenced the development of rock music (1942-1970)
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