Chapter 19 - Influence of Neighboring Cultures on Japan
Terms in this set (26)
prince who was responsible for most of the cultural exchange with China
the native religion of Japan
tower with many stories built as a temple
one who rules in the name of another
belonging or relating to an emperor
a ruling class of nobel families
When borrowing ideas from mainland Asia, what will happen to Japan?
The culture will be enriched.
How did Chinese and Indian ideas spread to Japan?
Which rulers encouraged contact with Asia mainland?
Empress Suiko and Prince Shotoku.
Why did upper-class Japanese people travel to China and Korea?
To learn about literature, art, philosophy, and government.
What was the government system like?
Japan was not unified country. They ruled with tribal chiefs and uji.
Koreans moved to Japan and brought what?
Who traveled to China to return with art, architecture, writing, and acquired ideas for government?
Officials, students, translators
In the late seventh century, who reformed and strengthened the central government?
Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito
What did the people have to do in return to the emperors redistributing the land to free men/women?
pay heavy tax to support Imperial government.
by the 700s, the government was....
strong and centralized.
by the 900s, the government turned to what?
Japan's new capital was a copy of the Chinese capital, Chang'an- with a checkerboard street pattern, and upturned pagoda roofs. This copy was much smaller than the original.
Japanese religion that emphasizes love and respect for nature
Any sacred being worshipped in Shinto religion-
including nature spirits and ancestors
Nirvana- a perfect state of peace never born again into a life of suffering
"Greater Vehicle" - The largest of Buddhism's three divisions, prevalent in China, Japan and Korea, encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer to the Buddhas and bodhisattvas. A core teaching is that all people can reach nirvana.
divided clans that once controlled much of what is now Japan
Chinese writing to write Japanese words. Used to keep records, record legends, develop literature.
Japanese system of writing with simplified Chinese characters that represent syllables
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