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semester 2 theo 3 final
Terms in this set (62)
provides direct services, directed at the effects of injustice, addressing immediate needs, addresses existing problems
promotes social change in institutions or political structures, social change, fixing long term root causes, not just giving them a fish, but teaching them how to fish, addresses underlying structures or causes of problems
coined by Taparelli d'Angelio, seen in the papal encyclical: Rerum Novarum
what makes christian justice unique?
Christians must recognize that our society is filled with numerous groups and communities facing systemic oppression, and we must act. We must be willing to admit and address the complex realities within our world that create such problems, and avoid the spiritual laziness that tempts us to rely on generic excuses and solutions
whats the relationship between original sin and injustice?
original sin starts with one person, leads to influence and others then fall into it, creating social sin, by one sin/bad action, it effects other people and then it effects more people, making social sin all together.
God wills goodness and prosperity for all.
When we act selfishly, we put our own needs or wants above others therefore not giving them their due. With orignial sin everyone is born sinful which means that they are born with a built-in urge to do bad things and to disobey God.
I-Thou is a relation of subject-to-subject, while I-It is a relation of subject-to-object. subjective, personal relationship, being in presence and interacting, cultivates more justice
I-Thou is a relationship of mutuality and reciprocity, while I-It is a relationship. objectification, material relationships
Reflect on the Human documentary, what is the significant about people looking you in the eye and sharing their story?
Looking someone in the eyes provides a personal connection that is not present in books or through other people. We are able to hear and see the raw emotions of the person and what they have been through.
Explain how acceptance of injustice is a failure to love God.
God delegates authority and responsibility to us, beings made in his image, and he expects we will express justice on his behalf.
God means for justice to reign in this world through the people made in his image. He calls people to care for others in love and to ease their suffering.
What is Life and Dignity of the Human Person?
life and dignity of the human person is the foundation of all principle of social teaching. it proclaims that human life is sacred and the dignity of a human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society.
How does Christ live out Justice? Use specific examples from Scripture.
Christ lives out justice by being one with the marginalized and rebuking those who live it out. One passage is Matt 23:23 where Jesus rebukes the Pharisees for their lack of care for the important matters. Another passage is Mark 2:13-17 where Jesus sits and eats with sinners.
what are some violations of life and dignity of the human person according to the catholic church?
ape, murder, beating, slavery, torture, abortion, Euthanasia, Physician-assisted suicide, Euthanasia mentality, Capital Punishment, Stem cell research
Is forgiveness a solution to our failure to enact justice?
forgiveness is a part of a solution to fixing the failure to enact justice. it becomes a step toward justice, as long as lessons are learned from and actions are not repeated.
Be able to discuss and write about Naboth's Vineyard & Ahab. What injustice occurs? What would have prevented it? How are we called to respond?
In 1 Kings 21, Naboth owned a vineyard next to the palace of King Ahab at Jezreel. The king wanted it to grow vegetables so he offered to buy it or exchange it for a better one but Naboth declined. Queen Jezebel had Naboth convicted on false charges in which he was stoned to death. The injustice that occurs where a dictator steals a man's land, and continues to tell the people that he was in the wrong, and had his followers kill him. What could've prevented it is if people did not have greed. We are called to respond with forgiveness, and to understand that revenge nor punishment will reverse an injustice, only forgiveness will.
what is CST? its purpose?
Catholic Social Teaching; pillars of social justice in catholic faith, tradition,
signs of the times
the religious, political, cultural, and economic factors that shape the overall situation of society, expression used by the Second Vatican Council to signify events which invite the contemporary witness of the Church, the church's response to the world flows out of its interpretation of those realities; something judged to exemplify or indicate the nature or quality of a particular period, typically something unwelcome or unpleasant
those that are living in less fortunate circumstances, in poverty and are sometimes discrimination against, (of a person, group, or concept) treated as insignificant or peripheral;
the extent to which individuals engage in the process of generating solutions and articulating their opinions and perspectives
The good of the community as a whole, the sum total of social conditions that allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily; benefits or interests of all
The moral principle that large organizations or governments should not interfere with, or take over, responsibilities that can be administered by individuals and local organizations, but rather should support them, always with a focus on the common good. The principle of Catholic social teaching that holds that a higher unit of society should not do what a lower unit can do as well (or better).; All in this together
a set of things that people should be free to do without restrictions
Actions you are expected to carry out
the rights that are necessary for people to be able to live, transportation, food, water, shelter, basic health care, air, not education,
education, employment, a safe environment, and enough material goods to support a family
Option for the Poor & Vulnerable
The needs of the poor must have first priority in how we spend our time, money, and other resources; We should put the needs of the poor first or society will fragment and all will suffer
Dignity of Work
the value that work has because it supports human life and contributes to human dignity
Rights of Workers
those things that are needed to have dignified work: right to a job, right to decent/fair pay, right to a safe workplace, and right to health care
The Christian virtue of social charity and friendship. Unity or agreement of feeling or action, especially among individuals with a common interest; mutual support within a group; support or sympathy; unity; unity or agreement of feeling or action
Care for God's Creation (Stewardship)
show respect for the creator by caring for creation and involves environmental and human care; Human responsibility to care for the earth
What does it mean that human beings are inherently social? Where do we learn this?
It means that we were created to interact highly with other beings around us. We engage in acts of loyalty, moral concern, and cooperation primarily toward our inner circles.
Why do humans need community?
because humans are inherently social and need to be surrounded and loved by one another.
discriminatory practices in one area such as employment or education, often creates a cycle of structural discrimination that reproduces itself both in that and other areas;patterns of discrimination built into social structures; When social environments/situations expose people to negative things
what did neighbor mean to Jesus?
friend; any other person, and where two are concerned, the other (thy fellow man, thy neighbor );according to Christ, any other man irrespective of nation or religion with whom we live or whom we chance to meet
see from where we stand
papal encyclical of workers rights
promotes care for gods creation, work together to sustain our environment; Pope Francis' encyclical on the environment which affirms our responsibility to care for a sacramental world that connects us to God
Caritas in Veritate
Charity in Truth; Pope Benedict XVI; charity and justice
social justice, Pope Pius XI, discusses the ethical implications of the social and economic order
Gadium et Spes
major document of Vatican II; pastoral Constitution on the Church in the modern world; joy and hope
you need these to survive
food, water, transportation (NOT EDUCATION)
What is the originial cell of call to family participation?
started the Catholic Workers Movement taught farmworkers how to become citizens and how to vote; earned more money to buy food and clothing for them; worked with Cesar Chavez to form the National Farm Workers Association; worked for women's suffrage and fields and farmland workers
what are the steps in the pastoral circle
experience, social analysis, theological reflection, action
What Los Angeles organization works with ex convicts job training and opportunities
A community of people who share a common culture; Group of people bound together by unity that goes beyond each
In scripture, justice is merely a balancing of scales
As catholics we should be single issue voters
Life and Dignity of the Human Person
CST that all human life is sacred, and all people must be respected and valued over material goods.
Call to Family, Community, and Participation
CST that states we are made to be in relationships with others; People have a right and duty to participate in society seeking together the common good and well-being of all
Rights and Responsibilities
CST that human dignity can be protected and a healthy community can be achieved only if human rights are protected and responsibilities are met; necessities for individuals that correspond to the obligations of society
liberation theology, cultural concern for the poor, origination from exrtreme poverty in south amercica
lack of sufficient material means to meet basic human needs
What is the Parable of the River?
the parable of the river has 2 different stories in which the down river villagers go about saving the drowning people with different approaches. In general, it focuses on the idea that one does not need to be a dominant member of society to make a change, just like the children did when they taught the up river people how to swim. It also focuses on the idea that fixing a problem long term is better than a short term solution.
Saint Oscar Romero
erved as the 4th archbishop in El Salvador. He spoke out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations, and torture amid a growing war between leftist rebels and government and right-wing forces.
Jesuit priest in El Salvador.
How does Oscar Romero live a life in solidarity of the poor?
He listened to the poor tell their stories. He wants us to try to fit ourselves into the shoes of the "other" - the poor. He fought for the rights of the poor.
a movement within the Catholic church to understand Christianity from the perspective of the poor and oppressed, with a focus on fighting injustice; It sought to apply religious faith by aiding the poor and oppressed through involvement in political and civic affairs; elements are economic justice , poverty, and human rights.; founded by gustav gutierez
unjustifiable negative behavior toward a specific group and its members
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
the process or state of excluding or being excluded.
the action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.
a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
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