Rel 10 The Church Units 2-5 Vocab - Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (55)
A short prayer meant to be memorized and repeated throughout the day.
Age of Reason
The point at which a person can be morally responsible. This is generally regarded to be the age of seven.
Perfumed olive oil consecrated by the bishop that is used for anointing in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.
The hidden reality of God's plan of salvation.
Having a spiritual meaning or reality that is neither apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence.
The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
This is the name given to the action of changing the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
The Church's annual cycle of feasts and seasons that celebrates the events and mysteries of Christ's birth, life, death, Resurrection, and Ascension, and forms the context for the Church's worship.
The visible sign of the hidden reality of salvation.
Theology of the Body
The name given to Pope Saint John Paul II's teachings on the human body and sexuality delivered via 129 short lectures between September 1979 and November 1984.
The process by which Christians of all ages are taught the essentials of Christian doctrine and are formed as disciples of Christ.
The virtue by which people are able to successfully and healthfully integrate their sexuality into their total person; recognized as one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Also one of the vows of religious life.
Characterized by the equal sharing of responsibility and authority among the members. The bishops of the Church together with the Pope at their head form a college, which has full authority over the Church.
From a Latin word meaning "to separate or to distinguish between," the practice of listening for God's call in our lives and distinguishing between good and bad choices.
A name for the first and most fundamental community of faith: the family.
The call to go beyond the minimum rules of life required by God (such as the Ten Commandments and the Precepts of the Church) and strive for spiritual perfection through a life marked by a commitment to chastity, poverty, and obedience.
This term is a translation of the Latin sancta sedes, which literally means "holy seat." The seat of the central administration of the whole Church, under the leadership of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome.
indefectibility of the Church
The Church's remaining uncorrupted and faithful to Christ's teachings, until the end of human history.
A male member of a religious community who lives a life of prayer and work according to a specific rule of life, such as the Rule of Saint Benedict.
The state or condition of those who have chosen or taken vows to remain unmarried in order to devote themselves entirely to the service of the Church and the Kingdom of God.
A person who lives a solitary life in order to commit himself or herself more fully to prayer and in some cases to be completely free for service to others.
An organization devoted to a common cause. Religious orders are an example of this.
The name given to priests as a group, especially in a diocese. Based on a Greek word meaning "elder."
A layman in a religious order who has made permanent vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
A laywoman in a religious order who has made permanent vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Relating to worldly concerns rather than religion.
A free and conscious commitment made to other persons (as in Marriage), to the Church, or to God.
Relating to the life of a hermit, characterized by self-denial and solitude.
A grouping of two or more dioceses with an archbishop as its head.
These individuals instruct others in Christian doctrine and for entry into the Church.
God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives.
To be founded on the Twelve Apostles.
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops. It is accomplished through the laying on of hands when a bishop is ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Orders as instituted by Christ.
The act by which the Church officially recognizes a deceased Catholic as a saint.
Based on the Latin credo, meaning, "I believe." A profession of faith.
The movement to restore unity among all Christians, the unity to which the Church is called by the Holy Spirit.
From a Greek word meaning "likeness," a sacred image of Christ, Mary, or the saints, especially in the artwork of the Eastern Churches.
Marks of the Church
The four essential features or characteristics of the Church: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic.
Based on a word for "service," a way of caring for and serving others and helping the Church to fulfill her mission.
The gifts proper to each of the Seven Sacraments.
The grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity. It is a supernatural gift of God, infused into our souls by the Holy Spirit, that continues the work of making us holy.
A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness. Specifically, it refers to a call to live the holy life as an ordained minister, as a vowed religious (sister or brother), in a Christian marriage or a chaste single life.
The Christian person's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church when he or she works to extend the Kingdom of Christ to the entire world.
A state of life recognized by the Church in which a person publicly professes vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
college of bishops
The assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the Church.
Teachings recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium and considered definitive and authoritative.
Of or relating to a church.
Of or relating to a bishop.
All members of the Church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests, or deacons.
One who engages in the academic discipline of theology, or "the study of God," in an effort to understand, interpret, and order our experience of God and Christian faith.
The means by which the Church takes away the punishment that a person would receive in Purgatory.
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven.
A major break that causes division.
Vicar of Christ
A title for the Pope, identifying his role as Christ's human representative on earth.
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